Saliva of Tobacco Smokers a Profile of C3, IgA, Amylase and Total protein

Authors

  • Zahraa Hussein M. Kadri1 , Hazima Mossa Alabassi2 , Ahlam Jassim Taher2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2462

Keywords:

Smoking, complement component, total protein, amylase, EBV

Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to shed light on the role of narghileh and cigarette smoking on immunity
status of oral cavity by assess (C3 complement component, Immunoglobulin A, Total protein, ?-Amylase
and EBV IgG antibody).
Method: Saliva levels in two smokers groups the first include 28 narghileh smokers and the second include
32 narghileh and cigarette smokers as well as 30 non-smokers consider as control.
Results: As compared control, the levels of C3, IgA and total protein were significantly decreased, and the
highest decreased was observed in saliva of narghileh and cigarette smokers, the result was (C3= 0.400 ±
0.194µg vs. 9.728 ± 3.561µg; IgA= 2.460 ± 0.492mg/dl vs. 5.048 ± 0.937mg/dl; Total protein= 170.20 ±
45.93mg% vs. 452.20 ± 136.57mg%, respectively) while the level of ?-amylase was slightly dropped but
with a non-significant, the result was (246.37 ± 122.47,243.56 ± 178.69 vs,213.51 ± 101.88) respectively.
Conclusion: The narghileh and cigarette can alter the microenvironment of oral cavity and influence the
immunity of mucosa tissue, then increase the risky for many diseases such as blood hypertension, heart
diseases, and lung diseases and may contribute to a variety of cancer.

Author Biography

Zahraa Hussein M. Kadri1 , Hazima Mossa Alabassi2 , Ahlam Jassim Taher2

1Ass. Lecturer, 2Ass. Prof., Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Science (Ibn Al-Haitham),
University of Baghdad, Iraq

Published

2021-01-09

How to Cite

Zahraa Hussein M. Kadri1 , Hazima Mossa Alabassi2 , Ahlam Jassim Taher2. (2021). Saliva of Tobacco Smokers a Profile of C3, IgA, Amylase and Total protein. Medico Legal Update, 21(1), 1093-1097. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2462

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