Spectrum of Clinical and Hematological Changes in Patients of Malaria: A Tertiary Care Hospital Experience in Gujarat

Authors

  • Trupti R. Jansari1 , Jigna P. Patel1 , Amit Chauhan2 , Jasmin Jasani3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2470

Keywords:

Anemia, Fever, Malaria,Plasmodium falciparum, Thrombocytopenia

Abstract

Background: One of the most common infections caused by protozoa in India is malaria. Malaria cases
have different geographic distribution in different areas. So it is important that hospitals in different areas
draw their own set of data regarding clinical and hematological characteristics of malaria. The present study
was conducted to evaluate the spectrum of clinical and hematological changes in patients of malaria.
Material and method: We conducted retrospective study at Pathology department, Sumandeepvidyapeeth,
with 55 patients aged between 5 to 75 years.
Results: Out of 55, 40 were males and 15 were females. PV constituted majority of the cases, followed by PF.
We reported anemia in 34 of malaria cases. Maximum cases of anemia was seen in PF. Thrombocytopenia
was seen in 42 of malaria cases. Maximum cases was seen in PV. Leucocyte count was within reference
range in majority of our cases 42.
Conclusion: Fever with rigors and chills, headache and splenomegaly are the most common clinical
alteration and anemia and thrombocytopenia are most common hematological alteration in cases of malaria.
Presence of these classic picture in a patient ever, helps diagnosing malaria at the earlier stages. In that way,
early treatment can be introduced.

Author Biography

Trupti R. Jansari1 , Jigna P. Patel1 , Amit Chauhan2 , Jasmin Jasani3

1
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Smt BK Shah Medical Institute & Research Centre, Sumandeep
Vidyapeeth an institution deemed to be University Piparia 391760 Vadodara Gujarat, 2
Associate Professor,
Department of Anesthesia, Smt BK Shah Medical Institute & Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an
institution deemed to be University Piparia 391760 Vadodara Gujarat, 3
Professor, Department of Pathology, Smt
BK Shah Medical Institute & Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an institution deemed to be University
Piparia 391760 Vadodara Gujarat.

Published

2021-01-09

How to Cite

Trupti R. Jansari1 , Jigna P. Patel1 , Amit Chauhan2 , Jasmin Jasani3. (2021). Spectrum of Clinical and Hematological Changes in Patients of Malaria: A Tertiary Care Hospital Experience in Gujarat. Medico Legal Update, 21(1), 1134-1138. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2470