Assessment of Breast Cancer Risk by Gail Model in Women of Thi-Qar

Authors

  • Sara OmranIssa1,2, Zainab H. Farhood1 , Zaman Subhi Madlool1

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2494

Keywords:

Gail model; Breast cancer; Thi–Qar.

Abstract

The aim of current study to assess the high incidence of breast cancer (BC) and the effect of its earlydiagnosis
on decreasing morbidity and mortality among Iraqi women. A descriptive cross-sectional study was
conducted and data were collected from 106 women in Thi-Qar by a questionnaire consisted of demographic
and breast cancer risk (BCR) factors questions. Brest cancer risk was calculated using the BCR Assessment
Tool (BCRAT) of the National Cancer Institute’s online version (Gail Model).Results: The average age of
women was 43.44± 11.3 years. Ten (9.4%) women have first degree relatives who had BC and five of them
have more than one. Fifty (45.3%) had their menarche at 12–13 years of age,32 (29.2%) had their first birth
at 20-24 year of age. The mean five year BCR for all women was 1.25± 1.46%, and 15 (14.15%) of them had
a five year BCR >1.7%. Mean lifetime BCR up to age 90 years was 13.11± 12.76% and 8(7.54%) women
had high risk. Based on these findings, it may be suggested that Gail Model for BCR assessment can help
healthcare providers in Iraq to estimate an individual’s probability of developing BC for early detection and
prevention.

Author Biography

Sara OmranIssa1,2, Zainab H. Farhood1 , Zaman Subhi Madlool1

1
Assistant Lecture at Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Science, University of Thi-Qar/Iraq,

Published

2021-01-09

How to Cite

Sara OmranIssa1,2, Zainab H. Farhood1 , Zaman Subhi Madlool1. (2021). Assessment of Breast Cancer Risk by Gail Model in Women of Thi-Qar. Medico Legal Update, 21(1), 1273-1276. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i1.2494

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