Assessment of Breast Cancer Risk by Gail Model in Women of Thi-Qar
Keywords:Gail model; Breast cancer; Thi–Qar.
The aim of current study to assess the high incidence of breast cancer (BC) and the effect of its earlydiagnosis
on decreasing morbidity and mortality among Iraqi women. A descriptive cross-sectional study was
conducted and data were collected from 106 women in Thi-Qar by a questionnaire consisted of demographic
and breast cancer risk (BCR) factors questions. Brest cancer risk was calculated using the BCR Assessment
Tool (BCRAT) of the National Cancer Institute’s online version (Gail Model).Results: The average age of
women was 43.44± 11.3 years. Ten (9.4%) women have first degree relatives who had BC and five of them
have more than one. Fifty (45.3%) had their menarche at 12–13 years of age,32 (29.2%) had their first birth
at 20-24 year of age. The mean five year BCR for all women was 1.25± 1.46%, and 15 (14.15%) of them had
a five year BCR >1.7%. Mean lifetime BCR up to age 90 years was 13.11± 12.76% and 8(7.54%) women
had high risk. Based on these findings, it may be suggested that Gail Model for BCR assessment can help
healthcare providers in Iraq to estimate an individual’s probability of developing BC for early detection and
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