The Determinant of Coping Mechanisms among Breast Cancer Patients in Sidoarjo Regency, Indonesia
Keywords:Breast cancer, coping mechanisms, spiritual needs, social support, education
Breast cancer patients need coping mechanisms to adapt to changes due to breast cancer. The constructive
coping mechanism is very influential on the attitude, response, decision making towards breast cancer
management, and quality of life. The study aimed to determine the determinants of coping mechanisms of
breast cancer patients in Sidoarjo Regency, Indonesia. The sample size was 98 breast cancer patients. The
variables analyzed included coping mechanism, age, educational, marital, work, time diagnosed, genetic,
stage of cancer, therapy, social support, and spiritual need. The results found that breast cancer patients with
higher education had a 51.200 times chance compared to breast cancer patients with no education to have
adaptive coping mechanisms. Therapy for breast cancer patients has a positive effect on adaptive coping
mechanisms. Social support has a positive influence on breast cancer patients to have an adaptive coping
mechanism. The higher the social support provided, the more adaptive coping mechanism is for breast
cancer patients. Tree variables have proven to be significant as determinants of coping mechanisms among
breast cancer patients in the Sidoarjo Regency, namely education, therapy, and social support.
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