Leptospirosis Transmission in Ponorogo District of East Java, Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Aditya Sukma Pawitra
  • Khuliyah Candraning Diyanah
  • Corie Indria Prasasti
  • Moch Irfan Hadi
  • M. Yusuf Alamudi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2634

Keywords:

Leptospirosis, livestock, sanitation, water contact, PPE

Abstract

This study aims to identify Leptospira bacterial infection in livestock owners and their livestock, as well
as to examine potential risk factors correlated with the incidence. 50 participants were selected and their
blood samples were collected. 50 urine samples were collected from livestock owned by the participants.
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was used to identify the existence of the Leptospira bacteria. The
questionnaire instrument was used to obtain information about individual characteristics and hygiene. The
Chi-Squared test was adopted to examine the correlation between outcome and explanatory variables. The
confirmation PCR test detected the bacterial DNA in 2 out of 50 blood samples examined (4%) and 3 out of
50 urine samples examined (6%). Human leptospirosis incidence is significantly correlated with occupation
type (p=0.035), personal protective equipment (PPE) use (p=0.044), water puddle contact (p=0.044), cage
sanitation (p=0.044) and Leptospira bacteria presence in livestock urine (p=0.007). Insignificant correlation
was showed in owners’ age variable. The presence of Leptospira bacteria both in livestock and the owners
indicates the real threat of animal to human transmission. Further study with larger sample size and wider
range variables and meticulous examination technique is required to comprehend the investigation.

Author Biographies

Aditya Sukma Pawitra

Researcher, Research Group of Household Environmental Health Management, Environmental Health
Department, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Khuliyah Candraning Diyanah

Researcher, Research Group of Household Environmental Health Management, Environmental Health
Department, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Corie Indria Prasasti

Researcher, Research Group of Household Environmental Health Management, Environmental Health
Department, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Moch Irfan Hadi

Lecturer, Faculty of Science
and Technology, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia

M. Yusuf Alamudi

Researcher, Professor Nidom Foundation,
Surabaya, Indonesia.

Published

2021-03-12

How to Cite

Aditya Sukma Pawitra, Khuliyah Candraning Diyanah, Corie Indria Prasasti, Moch Irfan Hadi, & M. Yusuf Alamudi. (2021). Leptospirosis Transmission in Ponorogo District of East Java, Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Medico Legal Update, 21(2), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2634

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