Efficacy of Health Belief Model-Based Intervention in Enhancing Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors among Women at Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf City

Authors

  • Alaa Abdul-hadi Kadhim
  • ArkanBahlol Naji

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2647

Keywords:

Health Belief Model-Based Intervention, Breast Cancer, Screening Behaviors.

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is disease in which cells in breast tissue change and divide uncontrolled, resulting
in a lump or mass. This study aims to determine the efficacy of health belief model-based intervention in
enhancing women’s breast cancer screening behaviors.
Method: A randomized controlled trial was conducted using the Health Belief Model. The study included
a systematic random sample of 110 women. Women who age 22-68-years were selected from Banks in AlNajaf Al-Ashraf City.
Data were collected through a self-report instrument that includes women’s sociodemographic characteristics
of age, marital status, and economic status, the Perceived Susceptibility Scale, the Perceived Benefits Scale,
the Self-Efficacy Scale, the Health Motivation, the Perceived Severity Scale, and the Perceived Barriers
Scale. Data were analyzedusing the statistical package forsocial sciences, version 26.
The study results revealed that HBM-based intervention was efficacious in enhancing the Perceived
Susceptibility, the Perceived Benefits, the Self-Efficacy, the Health Motivation, the Perceived Severity,
and the Perceived Barriers for women in the study group. The researcher concluded that the HBM-based
intervention we as efficacious in enhancing women’s screening behaviors for breast cancer.
Conclusion: The researcher concluded that the HBM-based intervention was effective in enhancing women’s
breast cancer screening behaviors.

Author Biographies

Alaa Abdul-hadi Kadhim

M.Sc. N(c), Research Scholar, University of Baghdad, College of Nursing

ArkanBahlol Naji

Professor (PhD), University of
Baghdad, College of Nursing, Community Health Nursing Department

Published

2021-03-12

How to Cite

Alaa Abdul-hadi Kadhim, & ArkanBahlol Naji. (2021). Efficacy of Health Belief Model-Based Intervention in Enhancing Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors among Women at Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf City. Medico Legal Update, 21(2), 63-68. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2647