Effect of Dissemination of Resources and Information Method for Overnutrition Prevention Behavior on Primary School Children in Makassar
Keywords:Physical Activity; Soft Drink Consumption; Overnutrition.
The prevalence of overnutrition among primary school aged children, which ranges from the risk of obesity
globally including Indonesia, is currently increasing. This study aimed to assess the difference in behavior
change in physical activity and habit of soft drinks consumptions before and after the intervention with
the dissemination method of resources and information. The research was conducted at primary schools in
Makassar City. This research used a Quasy Experiment approach with a pretest and post-test examination
through control group design. The study was conducted for 3 months by providing health information related
to overnutrition and obesity while monthlyvisit or monitoring of children was carried out using a 24 hour
food recall. The sampling technique was carried out by means of proportional random sampling. Data were
analyzed by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. The results showed that there was an effect of
dissemination of resources and information on physical activity (p = 0.000) and soft drink consumption
habits (p = 0.000) before and after the intervention. The conclusion is that the application of the method of
dissemination of resources and information is effective in changing the behavior of preventing overnutrition
in primary school children. It is expected that efforts in schools such as the method of dissemination of
resources and information with peer education will become a reference in efforts to prevent more nutrition
in improving students’ healthy eating patterns through dissemination of resources and information.
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