Assessment of Diabetes Health Promotion Behaviors for Clients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Diabetic Center in Al-Diwaniya City

Authors

  • Haider Fahim Shafeea
  • Arkan Bahlol Naji

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2687

Keywords:

Diabetes, Health Promotion Behaviors, Clients, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Center

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a significant worldwide medical issue that causes high human,
social, and financial expenses on nations at all pay levels. The constant hyperglycemia of diabetes is related
to long-term damage, brokenness, and disappointment of different organs, particularly of the eyes, kidneys,
nerves, heart, and blood vessels.
Method: A descriptive correlational design is used in this study which aims to measure health-related
experiences and lifestyle behaviors for clients with type 2 diabetes for the period from (1st October 2019 to
27th August 2020). The study included a convenience sample of 358 clients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
who were recruited from Al-Diwaniya Teaching Hospital at Diabetes and Endocrine Center.
Data were collected using a self-report study instrument that includes the socio-demographic sheet, the
health profile, and the Type 2 Diabetes and Health Promotion Scale. The data were analyzed using Statistical
Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26 using the frequency, percent, arithmetic mean, standard
deviation, Pearson correlation, Independent-sample t-test, and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
The study results displayed that most of participants reported poor Physical Activity level (n = 266; 74.3%),
more than two-fifth reported good Risk Reduction level (n = 148; 41.3%), less than two-fifth reported
good Stress Management level (n = 134; 37.4%), less than two-fifth reported fair Healthy Diet level (n
= 135; 37.7%), more than two-fifth reported good overall behavior (n = 193; 53.9%). Furthermore, there
are statistically significant inverse correlations between participants’ age and their Physical Activity, Risk
Reduction, Stress Management, Enjoying Life, and overall behavior.
Conclusion: The researcher concluded that the younger the clients, the poorer the Physical Activity, Risk
Reduction, Stress Management, Enjoying Life, and overall behavior; the older the client, the better the
Health Responsibility; the better socioeconomic status, the better the Physical Activity, Risk Reduction,
Stress Management, Enjoying Life, and overall behavior.

Author Biographies

Haider Fahim Shafeea

MScN(c), Research Scholar, University of Baghdad, College of Nursing

Arkan Bahlol Naji

Professor (PhD), University of Baghdad, College of Nursing, Community Health Nursing Department

Published

2021-03-12

How to Cite

Haider Fahim Shafeea, & Arkan Bahlol Naji. (2021). Assessment of Diabetes Health Promotion Behaviors for Clients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Diabetic Center in Al-Diwaniya City. Medico Legal Update, 21(2), 269-275. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2687

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