Assessment of Diabetes Health Promotion Behaviors for Clients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Diabetic Center in Al-Diwaniya City
Keywords:Diabetes, Health Promotion Behaviors, Clients, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Center
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a significant worldwide medical issue that causes high human,
social, and financial expenses on nations at all pay levels. The constant hyperglycemia of diabetes is related
to long-term damage, brokenness, and disappointment of different organs, particularly of the eyes, kidneys,
nerves, heart, and blood vessels.
Method: A descriptive correlational design is used in this study which aims to measure health-related
experiences and lifestyle behaviors for clients with type 2 diabetes for the period from (1st October 2019 to
27th August 2020). The study included a convenience sample of 358 clients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
who were recruited from Al-Diwaniya Teaching Hospital at Diabetes and Endocrine Center.
Data were collected using a self-report study instrument that includes the socio-demographic sheet, the
health profile, and the Type 2 Diabetes and Health Promotion Scale. The data were analyzed using Statistical
Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26 using the frequency, percent, arithmetic mean, standard
deviation, Pearson correlation, Independent-sample t-test, and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).
The study results displayed that most of participants reported poor Physical Activity level (n = 266; 74.3%),
more than two-fifth reported good Risk Reduction level (n = 148; 41.3%), less than two-fifth reported
good Stress Management level (n = 134; 37.4%), less than two-fifth reported fair Healthy Diet level (n
= 135; 37.7%), more than two-fifth reported good overall behavior (n = 193; 53.9%). Furthermore, there
are statistically significant inverse correlations between participants’ age and their Physical Activity, Risk
Reduction, Stress Management, Enjoying Life, and overall behavior.
Conclusion: The researcher concluded that the younger the clients, the poorer the Physical Activity, Risk
Reduction, Stress Management, Enjoying Life, and overall behavior; the older the client, the better the
Health Responsibility; the better socioeconomic status, the better the Physical Activity, Risk Reduction,
Stress Management, Enjoying Life, and overall behavior.
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