Effects of Virtual Reality Based Therapeutic Exercise on the Upper Extremity Function and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Acute Stroke: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Authors

  • Hwi-young Cho
  • Eseul Song
  • Jong-Hoon Moon
  • Suk-Chan Hahm

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2761

Keywords:

: Activities of daily living, occupational therapy, upper limb function, acute stroke, therapeutic exercise, virtual reality

Abstract

Background: Virtual reality-based therapeutic exercise (VRTE) has been considered as a rehabilitative
intervention for neurological deficits. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of VRTE and
occupational therapy (OT) on the upper extremity function and activities of daily living in patients with
acute stroke.
Method: Twenty-four patients who had suffered a stroke within the last 30 days before enrollment
participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to either the VRTE group (n = 12) or the OT group
(n = 12). Twenty sessions were conducted in all. To quantify the upper extremity function, the Jebsen-Taylor
hand function test (JT) and Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) of the upper limb were used, and the grip
strength (GS) was assessed. To assess activities of daily living, the modified Barthel index (MBI) was used.
Results: In the VRTE group, JT (p = 0.002), FMA (p = 0.002), GS (p = 0.002), and MBI (p = 0.002) showed
a significant improvement after the intervention. In the OT group, JT (p = 0.002), FMA (p = 0.001), GS (p
= 0.002), and MBI (p = 0.001) significantly improved after the intervention. However, compared with OT,
VRTE did not show significant improvements in upper extremity function and activities of daily living.
Conclusions: This study suggests that the early approach of VRTE is not superior to OT for the improvement
of upper limb function and activities of daily living in patients of stroke

Author Biographies

Hwi-young Cho

Associate Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Gachon University, Incheon, Republic of Korea

Eseul Song

PhD
Student, Department of Health Policy and Hospital Management, Graduate School of Public Health, Korea
University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Jong-Hoon Moon

Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Kyungdong
University, Wonju, Republic of Korea

Suk-Chan Hahm

Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, CHA
University, Seongnam, Republic of Korea

Published

2021-03-12

How to Cite

Hwi-young Cho, Eseul Song, Jong-Hoon Moon, & Suk-Chan Hahm. (2021). Effects of Virtual Reality Based Therapeutic Exercise on the Upper Extremity Function and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Acute Stroke: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Medico Legal Update, 21(2), 676-682. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2761