Socio Demographic Profile and Pattern of Injuries Due to Workplace Accidents in a Tertiary Care Hospital at Kancheepuram District
Keywords:Occupational injuries, Workplace, Demographic profile, Safety, Construction workers
Workplace (occupational) injuries pose major public health and socioeconomic developmental issue
leading to mental and physical disability. However, efforts towards investigation of determinants among
factory workers are very minimal in developing countries. Thus, this study aimed at evaluation of the Socio
demographic profile, identify determinants and pattern of occupational injury among victims of industrial
accidents was undertaken. This retrospective study was conducted over a period of 2 years in a Tertiary care
centre at Kancheepuram district. Total of 4693 work place accident cases visited the hospital (OP and IP)
between January 2018 to December 2019. On statistical analysis, Male preponderance was noted and 3/4th
of the study population belonged to age group of 20-40 years. Most of accidents 2815 (59.98%) took place
in semi urban area and 1549 (33.01%) victims occurred in the Urban locality. 44.13% of the cases (2071)
occurred in the summer season. 36% of the events were seen between 12 Noon to 6 PM. It was noted that
abrasion was the commonest injury noted (69%, 3238) and the least common were burns injury (12%, 563).
Upper limb injuries were noted in almost 3/4th of the cases (3426) and intracranial haemorrhages were
observed in 55 cases. Only 1/3rd of the cases used protective gear during the incident. Lack of effective
training, sleeping disturbance, and job stress increased the risk of occupational injury. Hence, providing
health and safety education with importance given to the younger male workers, reducing stressors, and
offering sleep health education were recommended.
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