Validation of a Questionnaire on the Factors of University Failure in Morocco

Authors

  • Nada Lebkiri
  • Zakaria Abidli
  • Mohamed Daoudi
  • Abdelmajid Soulaymani
  • Youssef Khatori
  • Youssef El Madhi
  • Mohammed Benattou

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2790

Keywords:

Validation, questionnaires, higher education, professional insertion, satisfaction.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this researchis to develop and validate a solid and reasonablescale to measure
the failure of students in Morocco.
Material and Method: This is a cross-sectional study, which took place between November 2019 and March
2020. The internalreliability of the questionnaire waschecked by calculating the Cronbach’s Coefficient
Index, and a factor analysis was performed.
Results: The population of ourstudyis 184 students of three masters in teaching and education, University
Ibn Tofail of Kenitra-Morocco. The averageage at the time of enrollment in the first-year master’s degreeis
26.59±5.65 years. Regarding gender, wenoted that males represent a percentage of 71.2% (n=131), while
females represent 28.8% (n=53) with a sex ratio (m/f) of 2.4 (p<0.005). The Cronbach’s alpha value for
all items was 0.84. Similarly, the calculation of Cronbach’s alpha showed homogeneityacross the different
dimensions of the questionnaire. For the professional curriculum (?=0.93), motivation (?=0.97), educational
satisfaction (?=0.93), abandonment of university studies (?=0.96) and non-academic curriculum of students
(?=0.87).
Conclusion: Based on the results of ourstudy, wecould, therefore, measure the academic failure of students
in the education and teaching tradestreams using a questionnaire.

Author Biographies

Nada Lebkiri

Researcher

Zakaria Abidli

Researcher

Mohamed Daoudi

Researcher

Abdelmajid Soulaymani

Professor, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Youssef Khatori

Professor, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Youssef El Madhi

Professor, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Mohammed Benattou

Professor, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Published

2021-03-12

How to Cite

Nada Lebkiri, Zakaria Abidli, Mohamed Daoudi, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Youssef Khatori, Youssef El Madhi, & Mohammed Benattou. (2021). Validation of a Questionnaire on the Factors of University Failure in Morocco. Medico Legal Update, 21(2), 851-856. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i2.2790

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