Evaluation of Eustachian Tube Function on Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media
Keywords:Eustachian tube function, CSOM, Toynbee’s test.
Introduction: Many literatures reported that poor aeration in the middle ear due to Eustachian tube
dysfunction is an important factor that plays a role in causing acute and chronic otitis media.
Objective: To assess Eustachian tube function (ETF) and to confirm Eustachian tube condition during
surgery on chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) patients.
Method: This study employed a prospective design, in which participants were examined for ETF before
and after surgery. The examination used Toynbee’s procedure with impedance audiometry. The examination
results were analysed using Pearson’s product-moment test with p < 0.05.
Results: The average patient’s age was 36.27 ± 5.98 years, with an age range of 12 to 67 years. Most
participants had no cholesteatoma (59.89%), perforation (50.00%), and experienced conductive hearing loss
(54.54%). There was no significant difference between ETF and Eustachian tube during surgery (p = 0.439).
Conclusion: This study reported that most CSOM patient had total impaired ETF with open Eustachian
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