Death Analysis of 10 Major Diseases Before and During COVID-19 Pandemic in Papua Province, Indonesia, 2020

Authors

  • Hasmi
  • Dolfinus Y. Bouway
  • Yacob Ruru

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i4.3128

Abstract

Some of the co-morbidities that may cause death in COVID-19 patients include: hypertension, diabetes,
lung disease, heart disease and malaria. People with the disease have a high death rate when they become
infected with COVID-19. The aim of this study is to analyze the deaths of the top 10 diseases in the Papua
Province prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method used in this study is a mix
method. The research was conducted in Papua Province and Yowari Regional Hospital, Jayapura Regency,
from September to November 2020. The informants were the Head of the Provincial Health Office and three
heads of the COVID-19 epicenter of the Health Office. Quantitative samples were taken from patients who
died between January 2020 and June 2020, namely 87 cases of death. A sample of 87 people was obtained
using a total sampling technique. Data gathering techniques are secondary data and in-depth interviews. The
results showed an increase in the number of deaths in the top 10 diseases before and during COVID-19,
with an increase of 71 percent. The cause of the increase in death rates before and during the COVID-19
pandemic was due to a misconception of health and illness, as well as to the behavior of people who were
late to go to health services. Death from heart failure was the main cause of death. At Yowari Regional
Hospital, Jayapura Regency, people who died from the top 10 diseases before COVID-19 were aged 26-45
years, i.e. 11 people (34.4 percent). Meanwhile, the majority were 46-65 years old during the COVID-19
pandemic, i.e. 18 people (32.7 percent). Promotional and preventive efforts are the strategy of the local
government (Health Department) to reduce deaths from the top 10 diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Author Biographies

Hasmi

Associate Professor,Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih
University, Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia,

Dolfinus Y. Bouway

Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Cenderawasih
University, Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia

Yacob Ruru

Assistant Professor, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics
and Natural Sciences, Cenderawasih University, Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia

Published

2021-08-27

How to Cite

Hasmi, Dolfinus Y. Bouway, & Yacob Ruru. (2021). Death Analysis of 10 Major Diseases Before and During COVID-19 Pandemic in Papua Province, Indonesia, 2020. Medico Legal Update, 21(4), 188-192. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i4.3128