Effect of Core Stabilization Exercises on Balance Performance in Older Adults


  • Ketki Ponde
  • Ronika Agrawal
  • Nazneen Khalil Chikte




Core, balance, older adults, fall, trunk muscles


Objective: Fall is defined as unintentional loss of balance that leads to failure of postural stability. Around
30% of older adults aged over 65 years have an episode of falls each year.. All postural control components
undergo changes with ageing. Any impairment in neuromuscular, central nervous system and sensory
system leads to fall. So the aim of present study was to determine the effects of Core stabilization exercises
on balance performance in older adults. Methodology: Sixty participants both males and females aged
between 65 -75 years were divided into 2 groups, Experimental and Control group (n=30). Experimental
group performed core stabilization exercises 5 times a week for 6 weeks, while control group carried on
their routine daily activity for 6 weeks. Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Y-Balance Test, Functional Reach Test
were assessed at the baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention. Results: Statistical analysis revealed that
Experimental group showed significant improvement in BBS, Y – Balance Test and Functional Reach Test
scores with (p ? 0.05) post 6 weeks of intervention. Control group showed no significant improvement in
the scores. Conclusion: Core stabilization exercises had significant improvement on balance variables in
experimental group when compared to control group.

Author Biographies

Ketki Ponde

Associate Professor, M.A.Rangoonwala College of Physiotherapy and Research, Pune,

Ronika Agrawal

Principal and Professor,  M.A.Rangoonwala College of Physiotherapy and Research, Pune

Nazneen Khalil Chikte

Intern, M.A.Rangoonwala College of Physiotherapy and Research, Pune