International Journal of Contemporary Medicine <p><strong>International Journal of Contemporary Medicine</strong> is a double blind peer reviewed international journal which has commenced its publication from January 2013. The journal is half yearly in frequency. The journal covers all aspects of l medical specialties including intensive care, hospital practice, ICU etc . The journal has been assigned ISSN 2320-9623 (Print Version) and ISSN 2321-1032(Online Version). The journal is indexed in many international data bases like Google scholar , EBSCO , Pro Quest etc.</p> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> <p> </p> Institute of Medico-legal Publications en-US International Journal of Contemporary Medicine 2320-9623 Chronic Analgesic (NSAID induced) SJS: A Case Report <p>In the contemporary era, use of drugs is the dominant paradigm of health care. The most quotidian<br>drug used for fever and pain is paracetamol. Although adverse reactions to paracetamol in India are<br>rare, at times they can cause life-threatening situations. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is one such<br>potentially lethal adverse drug reaction. The most reported cases of analgesic-induced SJS were due<br>to oxicams or propionic acid derivatives. There are very few detailed reports of SJS due to the use<br>of paracetamol. We report a case of SJS, which occurred due to the use of paracetamol. The clinical<br>features of this condition and multidisciplinary management of the patient are described in brief.</p> Dave Riya Rajinder Sharma Kuber Sharma Lakshya Yadav Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 10 1 1 7 10.37506/ijocm.v10i1.3202 Pleural Effusion in Limited Cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis : A Report <p>Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune multisystem disorder characterized by endothelial<br>dysfunction and fibroblast dysfunction, which results in progressive fibrosis of the skin and internal<br>organs more frequently the lungs and gastro intestinal tract. Pulmonary involvement is common in the<br>course of SSc, with Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) along<br>with pleural effusion being the leading causes of death. Here we report, case of an elderly male patient<br>presenting with cutaneous SSc with multiple uncommon pulmonary manifestations like ILD with right<br>sided pleural effusion with hepatic cyst.</p> Shivjeet Yadav Kuber Sharma Vikram Kumar Sonu Kumar Singla Navdeep Malik Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 10 1 4 7 10.37506/ijocm.v10i1.3205 Status of Complications among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending at Tertiary Health Care Centre, Karimnagar <p>Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic manageable illness and it resulted due to absence<br>or insufficient insulin production. As the disease is in chronic condition, patients tend to neglect their<br>health due to cost of the medicine, secondly adherence to medication and taking care about other<br>parts like foot and peripheries. Finally it affects directly or indirectly affect the quality of life due to<br>development of long term complications. Aim of the study is to find the demographic factors and risk<br>factors associated with long term complications of the Diabetes. Methodology: A cross sectional study<br>was conducted among the outpatient attendees at Chalamada Ananda Rao Institute of Medical sciences<br>during the period from October 2020 to March 2021 among the 233 patients. Data entered in Micro<br>soft Excel and appropriate statistical tests like simple proportions and chi square test were applied.<br>Results: In the present study, about 51% were in the age group of 51-60 years and males were 48%.<br>In the current study, smoking and alcohol consumption were significantly associated with long term<br>complications of neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy (P&lt;0.001). Conclusions: Based on the study<br>results, risk factors like smoking and alcohol consumption to be reduced as far possible. In addition to<br>our regular care special counselling sessions to be planned with trained health educators. Need lifestyle<br>modifications adaptation among diabetic and even non diabetic people we can suggest as a primordial<br>prevention.</p> G. Rajashekhar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 10 1 8 16 10.37506/ijocm.v10i1.3203 Comparative Neuroprotective Effect of Energy Drinks <p>Objective: The objective of this research was Comparative neuroprotective effect of energy drinks in<br>mice using various experimental animal models.<br>Method: The Tail suspension test (TST), Forced swim test (FST) and Y-maze test were used to assess<br>the antidepressant activity of the Energy drinks (Red bull, monster and enerzal) in mice. In addition,<br>attempts have been conducted to explore the level of brain monoamine neurotransmitters like Dopamine<br>and Serotonin using flame fluorimeter.<br>Result: The study of energy drinks on the gross behaviour of mice indicated their CNS antidepressant<br>effect. Furthermore, their significant (p&lt;0.0001) antidepressant property was estimated by obtaining<br>its decreased immobility time of mice in tail suspension and forced swim tests. It has also exhibited<br>significant cognitive property performed in Y-maze apparatus. Biochemical study showed their<br>potentiation in the brain dopamine and serotonin concentration significantly (p&lt;0.001) in mice which<br>concludes the mechanism behind their CNS depressant and cognitive properties<br>Conclusion: The gross behavioural study indicated their antidepressant potentiality which was further<br>confirmed by conducting FST and TST. Further the study showed the memory enhancement by the<br>EDs using Y-maze apparatus but in lesser extent. Antidepressant drugs are well evident with property<br>to increase dopamine and serotonin level and EDs were observed to potentiate significantly the brain<br>dopamine and serotonin concentration in mice.</p> Irfan Khan Sanjita Das Shivani Shrivastava Renu Singh Shruti Dhasmana Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 10 1 17 26 10.37506/ijocm.v10i1.3204 Domestic Violence Against Women Rising During Covid-19 Pandemic : A Sociological Study <p>Violence against women within the family is a global phenomenon. No society can claim to be free<br>of such violence. The degree of violence differs according to the socio economic condition of the society.<br>Women in Indian society are victims of ill-usage, humiliation, torture and exploitation for as long as<br>written records of structure and family life are accessible. These records are replete with incidents<br>of abduction, rape, murder and torture of girls. Women themselves tolerated all this in the name of<br>their spiritual values and socio-cultural attitudes, because the cases of wife-battering, rapes, kidnappings<br>and abductions, intra-familial murders, dowry-deaths, eve-teasing and molestation, etc., were reported.</p> Sartaj Ahmad Bhawana Pant Monika Gupta Alka Singh Prateek Kishor Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 10 1 27 30 10.37506/ijocm.v10i1.3206 A Review Study on Socio-economic Causes of Juvenile Delinquency <p>Juvenile delinquent is a person under age, who is guilty of anti- social act and whose misconduct is an<br>infraction of law. The problem of “Juvenile Delinquency” is a very vague issue that consists of a lot of<br>contingencies and is also open to a number of apprehensions and interpretations as to how, when and<br>what preventive methods should be used to prevent such delinquent behaviour among the adolescents<br>of our nation.</p> Sartaj Ahmad Bhawana Pant Monika Gupta Alka Singh Reena Bishnoi Manoj Kumar Tripathi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 10 1 31 37 10.37506/ijocm.v10i1.3207 Knowledge about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and Effect of Lifestyle Habits among Medical Students of North India <p>Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous, chronic endocrine disorder<br>commonly diagnosed in women of reproductive age and the most common cause of hyperandrogenism<br>and hirsutism.<br>Objective: To assess the knowledge about PCOS among medical students and to assess the awareness<br>about effects of lifestyle habits on PCOS.<br>Material &amp; Method: This cross sectional study was done among100 undergraduate medical students<br>of a private medical college of Western UP using a pre designed semi-structured questionnaire.<br>Results: Majority (84%) of students were already aware about PCOS. Significant association was<br>found between the awareness about PCOS with gender of study population. Majority (80%) of students<br>were already aware about the lifestyle changes. There was significant association between knowledge<br>about lifestyle modifications in PCOS with the knowledge about etiology of PCOS.<br>Conclusion: it is a growing endocrinological problem in the females of the reproductive age group.<br>Early screening is necessary to prevent lifelong complications.</p> Monika Gupta Sartaj Ahmad Chhavi Kiran Gupta Varsha Chaudhary Pawan Parashar Ravi Sashtri Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 10 1 38 45 10.37506/ijocm.v10i1.3213