International Journal of Contemporary Medicine https://ijop.net/index.php/ijocm <p><strong>International Journal of Contemporary Medicine</strong> is a double blind peer reviewed international journal which has commenced its publication from January 2013. The journal is half yearly in frequency. The journal covers all aspects of l medical specialties including intensive care, hospital practice, ICU etc . The journal has been assigned ISSN 2320-9623 (Print Version) and ISSN 2321-1032(Online Version). The journal is indexed in many international data bases like Google scholar , EBSCO , Pro Quest etc.</p> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> <p> </p> Institute of Medico-legal Publications en-US International Journal of Contemporary Medicine 2320-9623 To Study the Relationship between Primary Headache and Attention Deficit in College Going Students – A Correlational Study https://ijop.net/index.php/ijocm/article/view/3070 <p>Aim: To check relationship between primary headache and attention deficit in college going students.<br>Background: Headache disorders are among the most common disorders of the nervous system. Headache<br>itself is a painful and disabling feature of a small number of primary headache disorders, namely migraine,<br>tension-type headache, and cluster headache.<br>Attention deficit is a neurological disorder that causes a range of behavior problems such as difficulty<br>attending to instruction, focusing on work, keeping up with assignments, following instructions, completing<br>tasks and social interaction.<br>Due to study and work related load, the subjects are prone to develop headache and this may cause attention<br>problem.<br>There are very less studies done to correlate headache and attention deficit, so there arises a need to study<br>the relationship between and attention in students and working population.<br>Methodology: A Study was performed on 143 participants. A structured questionnaires “HEADACHE<br>IMPACT SCALE-6” and MINDFUL ATTENTION AWARENESS SCALE” were filled by the participants<br>and submitted questionnaire through Google forms and personal interview method<br>Results: 143 participants completed the questionnaires. The value of correlation coefficient is r = -0.353,<br>which is statistically significant. Therefore, there is weak negative correlation between headache and<br>attention.<br>Conclusion: The current study demonstrated that the attention is affected in the college going students<br>having headache. There is a correlation between attention and headache in college going students.</p> Krima Shah Alpa Purohit Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 9 2 1 6 10.37506/ijocm.v9i2.3070 Stress and Anxiety in the Maternal During the COVID-19 PandemiC https://ijop.net/index.php/ijocm/article/view/3071 <p>Background &amp; Aim: Decreased immunity in pregnant and birthing women makes this population vulnerable,<br>both physiologically and psychologically. The global pandemic of acute respiratory syndrome caused by<br>coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2), which is the new virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19),<br>increases the risk of psychological distress including stress and anxiety that can impact pregnancy and/or<br>childbirth disorders. The research objective was to determine the conditions of stress and anxiety in the<br>maternal during the COVID-19 pandemic<br>Methods &amp; Materials: This study used a descriptive survey method on a sample of pregnant women and<br>women giving birth by purposive sampling, namely those who visited the Independent Practice Midwife<br>(BPM) clinic in Bekasi City from April to July 2020 totaling 58 people. Data were collected using the<br>DASS-21 questionnaire which was packaged in a google form and distributed online via the social media<br>WhatsApp (WA). The data collected was then analyzed descriptively to be presented as a result of the study.<br>Results: Most of the respondents were 20-35 years old, had secondary education and most of them had<br>primiparous parity. Most of the respondents’ stress conditions were within normal limits, but there was also<br>mild (15,52%) to moderate stress (13,79%). Most of the respondents’ anxiety was within normal limits,<br>however, there was also mild (13,79%), moderate (13,79%), severe (8,62%) to very severe anxiety (1,72%).<br>Conclusion: Stress and anxiety occurred in respondents as a psychological response during the COVID-19<br>pandemic; so that active management is needed to prevent the effects of stress and prolonged anxiety.</p> Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 9 2 7 13 10.37506/ijocm.v9i2.3071 Menstrual Health: What Have We Learned? https://ijop.net/index.php/ijocm/article/view/3072 <p>Women specific health issues are always neglected and underestimated by the society including women<br>themselves. Premenstrual syndromes (PMS), Thyroid issues, Post-partum depression are common cause of<br>physical, psychological and social problems in women of reproductive age.<br>This research explores the evidence about women’s awareness and attitude about menstrual health related<br>problems and alternative and sustainable menstruation practices. This study was designed to explore the<br>potential health physical and environmental benefits that can accrue by women with safe, affordable, and<br>convenient materials, such as the menstrual cup, for menstrual management. Researcher collected primary<br>data from 28 women using convenience sampling technique to understand awareness and attitude about<br>women health issues. Researcher also collected primary data from 50 women using cluster sampling method<br>to investigate attitudes and awareness towards sustainable menstruation practices and to an alternative<br>menstrual product. The result showed positive reactions to an alternative menstrual product</p> Nimble O J Bibil Babu C Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 9 2 14 22 10.37506/ijocm.v9i2.3072 Mysterious Covid 2nd Wave in India https://ijop.net/index.php/ijocm/article/view/3074 <p>India, which has second –largest population in the world is suffering severely from COVID-19 disease.<br>The 2nd wave of COVID-19 is affecting most of the world. In India 2nd wave wreaks havoc, where daily<br>count on April 15, 2021 itself was double of the first peak1. In this paper, we characterize that this wave is<br>proving to be more infectious and deadlier than first wave. A few studies taken here from different countries<br>forcomparison of characteristics between 1st and 2nd wave of COVID-19.2As the country’s healthcare system<br>is crumbling amid the surge in cases- doctors say it’s hard for them to “see the light at the end of tunnel this<br>time”.</p> Ritu Kaushik Deeksha Chaudhary Rajpal Verma Anshu Makkar Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 9 2 23 28 10.37506/ijocm.v9i2.3074 Quality of Life among the Parents of Children with Hematological Malignancies: A Pilot Study https://ijop.net/index.php/ijocm/article/view/3076 <p>Background: Haematological malignancies are the most common cancer among the children in the age group<br>of 0-14 years. Leukemia is the most prevalent cancer among these children. The diagnosis of haematological<br>malignancy in a child is a frightening situation for the parents as well as the family, as they are the primary<br>caregivers of the children. The aim of the present study was to assess quality of life (QoL) among parents of<br>children with haematological malignancies.<br>Methods: The cross-sectional pilot study included 30 parents of children between 0-14 years of age taking<br>treatment at the two tertiary cancer care centres of Kerala, India. The data regarding QoL was obtained<br>through Parents a validated Malayalam version of parent’s quality of life inventory (P-QLI). Descriptive<br>statistics was used to identify quality of life of the parents.<br>Results: An equal distribution of fathers and mothers were maintained in the study ( 15 mothers and 15<br>fathers). The average age of the parents was 26± 2 years (for mothers) and 34± 3 years (for the fathers).<br>Majority (73.3%) of children had Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL), and their mean age was 6±4 years.<br>The statistical analysis showed that 33.3% of the parents had a poor quality of life after the diagnosis of<br>haematological malignancy for their children. In addition, the mean QoL scores among the parents of children<br>with haematological malignancies were less thatn50% of the total score of the P-QLI .The haematological<br>malignancies among the children had a negative impact on physiological, psychological, social, vocational,<br>economic, and spiritual dimensions of parent’s quality of life.<br>Conclusions: This study showed that QoL measured by QLI-PCL in parents of children with haematological<br>malignancies were poor, and the present study put forward the need strengthening parent support services<br>among the parents of children with cancer.</p> Abhilash Venunathan Kandasamy Muthugounder Reetha Devi V S Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 9 2 29 36 10.37506/ijocm.v9i2.3076