Relationship of Emotional Intelligence with Pre-Hypertension and its Impact on Autonomic Nervous System as Assessed by Heart Rate Variability in Adult Males

Authors

  • Sumit Garg, J.L. Agarwal Associate Professor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.100

Keywords:

Emotional Intelligence; Prehypertension; Heart Rate Variability.

Abstract

Objectives

 

  1. To compare emotional intelligence score in normotensives and pre-hypertensives.

  2. To compare emotional intelligence score with heart rate variability (HRV)

  3. To compare HRV in normotensives and pre-hypertensives.

 

Methodology

30 pre-hypertensive males and 30 age matched controls of 25-50years of age were enrolled. BP was measured using mercury sphygmomanometer. Pre-hypertension was defined as systolic BP from 121 to 139mm Hg or diastolic BP from 80 to 89mm Hg. Emotional intelligence was measured by Schutte Self-Reported Emotional Intelligence Test and subjects were categorized into two groups: Group A: Low EI (Score <111), Group B: High EI (Score >111) HRV was measured in the supine position for 5 minutes. Frequency domain parameters viz HFnu and LF/HF ratio were used for analysis of autonomic dominance.

Results

Mean EI score was significantly less in pre-hypertensives as compared to controls. Low EI subjects had a significantly lower mean HFnu and a significantly higher mean LF/HF ratio showing lower parasympathetic and higher sympathetic activity in them. Pre-hypertensives had lower mean HFnu and higher LF/HF ratio showing lower parasympathetic and higher sympathetic activity in them.

Conclusions

Low EI subjects are more prone to develop pre-hypertension, had lower parasympathetic & higher sympathetic activity increasing the risk to develop hypertension in future.

Clinical Significance

Beside life style modification, improving EI is an important measure to manage pre hypertension and prevent hypertension.

Author Biography

Sumit Garg, J.L. Agarwal , Associate Professor

Garg Sumit1, Agarwal J.L.2,*

1Associate Professor, Physiology, Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences, Hapur

2Dean/Director Research, Professor & Head, Physiology, Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences, Hapur

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Published

2019-11-21

How to Cite

Sumit Garg, J.L. Agarwal. (2019). Relationship of Emotional Intelligence with Pre-Hypertension and its Impact on Autonomic Nervous System as Assessed by Heart Rate Variability in Adult Males . International Journal of Physiology, 7(4), 246–250. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.100