Relationship of Emotional Intelligence with Pre-Hypertension and its Impact on Autonomic Nervous System as Assessed by Heart Rate Variability in Adult Males
Keywords:Emotional Intelligence; Prehypertension; Heart Rate Variability.
To compare emotional intelligence score in normotensives and pre-hypertensives.
To compare emotional intelligence score with heart rate variability (HRV)
To compare HRV in normotensives and pre-hypertensives.
30 pre-hypertensive males and 30 age matched controls of 25-50years of age were enrolled. BP was measured using mercury sphygmomanometer. Pre-hypertension was defined as systolic BP from 121 to 139mm Hg or diastolic BP from 80 to 89mm Hg. Emotional intelligence was measured by Schutte Self-Reported Emotional Intelligence Test and subjects were categorized into two groups: Group A: Low EI (Score <111), Group B: High EI (Score >111) HRV was measured in the supine position for 5 minutes. Frequency domain parameters viz HFnu and LF/HF ratio were used for analysis of autonomic dominance.
Mean EI score was significantly less in pre-hypertensives as compared to controls. Low EI subjects had a significantly lower mean HFnu and a significantly higher mean LF/HF ratio showing lower parasympathetic and higher sympathetic activity in them. Pre-hypertensives had lower mean HFnu and higher LF/HF ratio showing lower parasympathetic and higher sympathetic activity in them.
Low EI subjects are more prone to develop pre-hypertension, had lower parasympathetic & higher sympathetic activity increasing the risk to develop hypertension in future.
Beside life style modification, improving EI is an important measure to manage pre hypertension and prevent hypertension.
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