Effect of Perceived Stress on the Differential Leucocyte Count among Young Adults
Keywords:perceived stress, DLC, neutrophil, lymphocyte, N:L ratio
Exposure to any form of stress causes an increase in ACTH secretion by the anterior pituitary, followed
by increased secretion of Cortisol, which decreases eosinophils, basophils and lymphocytes in blood and
increases the number of neutrophils.With the above background, the present study was carried out to
determine the changes brought on by perceived stress in the leukocyte profile of young adults.37 healthy,
young adults participated in the study. Perceived stress was measured using the 10-item Perceived Stress
Scale (PSS-10) and leukocyte profile was studied by performing a differential leukocyte count.A positive
correlation was found between PSS score and percentage of neutrophils, monocytes and N:L ratio. A negative
correlation was found between PSS score and percentage of lymphocytes, eosinophils and basophils.Stress
identification and management is an important component in the welfare of young adults. Differential count
of leukocytes can provide a reliable method to study the response to stress.
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