Association between ABO & RH Blood Group Phenotype with Covid-19 Infection
Keywords:ABO blood group, coronavirus disease, Rh factor.
Introduction: Covid-19, conjointly referred to as severe acute metabolism syndrome appeared in
December 2019 by a new Corona virus. The virus originated from Wuhan, the capital of China’s
Hubei Province and unfold everywhere the globe and have become a worldwide pandemic due to
lack of cure. The number of cases increased as a result of human to human transmission, overseas
travelers and direct contact with infected people made up the majority of cases.1-2-3. The study’s
goal was to determine whether there was an association between ABO and Rh blood group
phenotypes with COVID-19 infection.
Objective - To study the association of ABO Blood Group and COVID-19 infection. To study the
association of Rh factor and COVID-19 infection.
Material Method: This retrospective study was conducted after the approval college research
committee of Teerthanker Mahaveer medical college and research center. The study period of this
study is from 12 March 2021 to 12 March 2022. The current research included 3000 Covid-19
patients confirmed by RTPCR test and admitted in the Teerthanker Mahaveer University Hospital,
Moradabad. Covid -19 positive patient’s age, gender, ABO blood group, Rh factor and personal
data was collected from the medical record department.
Result: The most common blood group affected was B+ (1,119, 37.3%) followed by O+ (729,
24.3%), A+ (653, 21.8%), AB+ (330, 11.0%), B- (77, 2.6%), O- (36, 1.2%), A-(36, 1.2%) and AB-
Interpretation & Conclusion: The findings of this study are the blood group that was more
affected was B positive and least numbers of patients are of blood group AB negative.
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