Unleashing the Furry Beast: Exploring the Fascinating World of Hypertrichosis Lanuginosa

Authors

  • Dipankar Maiti
  • Rose Mary George

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v11i2.3408

Keywords:

Acquired hypertrichosis lanugo-type, hypertrichosis lanuginosa acquisita, malignancy, paraneoplastic.

Abstract

Hypertrichosis lanuginosa is a rare medical condition characterized by the excessive growth of fine, soft, and
unpigmented hairs all over the body, particularly inA the forehead, cheeks, ears, and nose. It can be either
congenital or acquired, with the acquired type being more commonly associated with underlying malignancy.
Congenital hypertrichosis lanuginosa is a genetic disorder that is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner,
with some cases exhibiting spontaneous mutations. The condition manifests as an overproduction of lanugo
hairs, the fine and unpigmented hair that covers the body of a fetus. This type of hypertrichosis often leads to
difficulties in daily life and can cause emotional distress due to its unusual appearance. Acquired hypertrichosis
lanuginosa, on the other hand, often occurs in adults and is frequently associated with malignancy, particularly
adenocarcinomas. The exact mechanism of hypertrichosis lanuginosa is not yet fully understood, but it is
believed to be due to the secretion of growth factors or hormones from cancer cells, which can stimulate the hair
follicles to produce excessive amounts of hair. The diagnosis of hypertrichosis lanuginosa is mainly clinical, and
a thorough physical examination is required. In cases where an underlying malignancy is suspected, further
tests such as blood tests, imaging studies, and biopsy may be necessary. Treatment options for hypertrichosis
lanuginosa are limited, and there is no definitive cure for the condition. Hair removal procedures such as laser
therapy, electrolysis, and depilatory creams can provide temporary relief, but the hair usually grows back
after some time. In cases of underlying malignancy, the treatment of the cancer may lead to the resolution of
hypertrichosis lanuginosa. Overall, hypertrichosis lanuginosa is a rare medical condition that can occur either
congenitally or acquired, and it is often associated with malignancy. The diagnosis of hypertrichosis lanuginosa
can be challenging, and further testing may be required to identify any underlying malignancy. Although
treatment options are limited, hair removal procedures and treating the underlying malignancy may provide
temporary relief. Further research is needed to fully understand the underlying mechanisms of hypertrichosis
lanuginosa and develop more effective treatment options.

Author Biographies

  • Dipankar Maiti

    PG Scholar, NDRK College of Nursing, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore,
    Karnataka, India

  • Rose Mary George

    Professor, Parul Institute of Nursing, Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat

Downloads

Published

2023-07-26

How to Cite

Unleashing the Furry Beast: Exploring the Fascinating World of Hypertrichosis Lanuginosa. (2023). International Journal of Physiology, 11(2), 10-16. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v11i2.3408