Comparative Study between the Effect of Short Term and Long Term Exposure to Cotton Dust on Pulmonary Function Tests in Cotton Mill Workers

Authors

  • Kadam Charulata Assistant Professor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.55

Keywords:

Cotton dust, PFT, short term exposure, long term exposure.

Abstract

Background

Byssinosis is the most common disease affecting the cotton textile workers; symptom complexes like mill fever, weaver's cough, mattress-maker‘s cough, also occur in textile workers. 1Cotton workers are at risk for occupational lung disease, including byssinosis and chronic bronchitis3. The present study was done to compare the effect of short term exposure and long term exposure to cotton dust in cotton mill workers and suggest precautions them to prevent this.

Objective

To compare the effect of short term and long term exposure to cotton dust on pulmonary function tests in cotton mill workers.

Method

In this study, one group of fifty workers exposed for short term duration and other sixty four, for long term duration exposure were examined for PFTs of age 25–50 years. PFTs were carried out using spirometer.

Results or observations

The present study found that there is statistically significant difference in PFTs between the short term exposed group and long term exposure group of 25–50 years age.

Discussion & conclusion

The results of the present study helped us to understand and compare the shortterm and long term exposure group better and suggest workers to take precautions to avoid more subtle effects that can occur.

Author Biography

Kadam Charulata, Assistant Professor

Kadam Charulata1, Kausar Afshan2,*, Rukadikar Charushila Atul3, Deokar N.A.4

1Asst. Professor, Dept of Physiology, SSPM Medical College And Lifetime Hospital, Padve-Kasal, Dist. Sindhudurg, Maharashtra

2Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, JIIU'S Indian Institute of Medical Science & Research, (JIIU'S IIMSR) Medical College, Warudi, Badnapur, Jalna, Maharashtra

3Asst. Professor Dept of Physiology, Zydus medical college and hospital, dahod, Gujarat

4Professor, Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Miraj, Sangali, Maharashtra, India

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Published

2019-11-21

How to Cite

Kadam Charulata. (2019). Comparative Study between the Effect of Short Term and Long Term Exposure to Cotton Dust on Pulmonary Function Tests in Cotton Mill Workers. International Journal of Physiology, 7(4), 46–50. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.55