A Comparative Study of Pulmonary Function Test in School Children of Industrial Area and Non Industrial Area
Keywords:Pulmonary function test, School children's, Industrial area, Non industrial area.
Pulmonary function test is an important tool in the diagnosis, assessment and management of respiratory diseases in adults and older children. The main objective was to study the pulmonary function test in school children of industrial and Non industrial area.
The study was carried out in a school of industrial area i.e., Advani Arlicon Higher secondary School, Urla Road, Birgaon and a school of Non Industrial area i.e., Vivekananda Higher Secondary School, Mana Camp of Raipur city from April to August 2012.. The subjects were evaluated through pulmonary function test by using Spirometry method. A total of 400 subjects aged between 11–18 years were included. For the study Permission from Institutional Ethics Committee was obtained. Initially informed individual consent was taken from all the patients included in the study.
When Mean FEV1 (in liters) for Males in Cases was compared with Controls, p value was found to be <0.0001. When Mean FEV1 (in liters) for Females in Cases was compared with Controls, p value was found <0.0001. When PEFR (in liters/Sec) for Males in Cases was compared with Controls, p value was found to be 0.0290. When PEFR (in liters/Sec) for Females in Cases was compared with Controls, p value was found to be 0.3117.
To conclude, the problems are diverse, but it is important to keep close control over pollutants. Some preventable strategies need to be taken for acceptable environment for the future generations.
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