Association of ABO Blood Group with Breast Cancer: An Observational Study

Authors

  • Neelima Kumari, Ashutosh Kumar, Manish Kumar Associate Professor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.70

Keywords:

ABO blood group, Breast cancer.

Abstract

Introduction

The present study was conducted to analyse the relation of ABO blood groups with breast carcinoma.

Materials and Method

The study was conducted on 100 clinically diagnosed breast cancer patients. The standard agglutination test was used to determine the blood groups. Association of ABO blood groups and risk of breast cancers was found out with Odd Ratios (ORs) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI).

Results

Breast cancer was found minimum in blood group ‘AB’ and maximum in blood group ‘A’. It may be due to influence of blood group antigens on systemic inflammatory response which has been associated with the malignancies. The ABO antigen expressed on the surface of malignant cells appears to be different from the antigen expressed on normal tissue.

Conclusions

High frequency of breast cancer was found in blood group A followed by B and O strong relationship between blood group and breast cancer. The different expression of antigens on the surface of cancer cells might alter motility, apoptosis and immune escape. These mechanisms might influence the initiation and spread of malignancies.

Author Biography

Neelima Kumari, Ashutosh Kumar, Manish Kumar , Associate Professor

Kumari Neelima1,*, Kumar Ashutosh2, Kumar Manish3

1Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Katihar Medical College, Katihar

2Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, JLNMCH, Bhagalpur

3Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, IGIMS, Patna

Downloads

Published

2019-11-21

How to Cite

Neelima Kumari, Ashutosh Kumar, Manish Kumar. (2019). Association of ABO Blood Group with Breast Cancer: An Observational Study . International Journal of Physiology, 7(4), 120–122. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.70