A Comparative Study of Pulmonary Function Test Parameters between the Smokers and Non-Smokers among the Three Wheeler Auto-Rickshaw Drivers in Puducherry Region

Authors

  • Mohan Ram. P, Dhanalakshmi. Y, Jothi Marie Feula. A, Manju Rajaram, Subitha. L, Arvind. N, Umamaheshwari K MBBS Intern

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.76

Keywords:

PEFR, auto rickshaw drivers, Pulmonary function test, duration of driving.

Abstract

Background

Occupational health is attaining significance for the reason that long term exposure to automobile fumes and environmental pollutants can lead to irreversible morbidity. This study will help in assessing the effects of smoking and occupational exposure to ambient air pollution on respiratory functions.

Aim

To assess and compare pulmonary function parameters among smoking and non-smoking auto rickshaw drivers.

Methodology

Auto rickshaw drivers between 20 to 50 years of age were recruited in the study and grouped into smokers and non smokers. Anthropometric parameters, pack years of smoking amongst smokers, years of driving were obtained. The Pulmonary function test parameters were recorded by a standard computerized Spirometer model “SPIROLAB III”. All parameters were analyzed using Student's independent ‘t’ test in SPSS 19 version.

Results

There was a statistically significant reduction in PEFR among smokers when compared to non smokers. The mean FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC and FEF25–75 were also found to be reduced in smokers when compared to non-smokers but were not statistically significant.

Conclusion

The study showed that Peak Expiratory Flow Rate is reduced significantly among smokers when compared to non smokers in three wheeler auto rickshaw drivers.

Author Biography

Mohan Ram. P, Dhanalakshmi. Y, Jothi Marie Feula. A, Manju Rajaram, Subitha. L, Arvind. N, Umamaheshwari K , MBBS Intern

Ram P Mohan1, Dhanalakshmi Y.2,*, Feula A. Jothi Marie3, Rajaram Manju4, Subitha L.5, Arvind N.6, Umamaheshwari K7

1MBBS Intern, Jipmer, Puducherry

2Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, JIPMER

3Senior Resident, Department of Physiology, JIPMER

4Additional Professor and HOD, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, JIPMER

5Associate Professor, Department of P&SM, JIPMER

6MBBS Intern, Jipmer, Puducherry

7Professor, Department of Physiology, ESI Medical College, K.K. Nagar, Chennai

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Published

2019-11-21

How to Cite

Mohan Ram. P, Dhanalakshmi. Y, Jothi Marie Feula. A, Manju Rajaram, Subitha. L, Arvind. N, Umamaheshwari K. (2019). A Comparative Study of Pulmonary Function Test Parameters between the Smokers and Non-Smokers among the Three Wheeler Auto-Rickshaw Drivers in Puducherry Region . International Journal of Physiology, 7(4), 137–140. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijop.v7i4.76