Assessment of Forced Vital Capacity and FEV1 as Pulmonary Function Tests in Males with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus
Keywords:FVC, FEV1, Males, Type 2 DM.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases. It is associated with well known complications linked to either microangiopathy, macroangiopathy or a combination of both. Some studies found that there were changes in respiratory system or pulmonary functions in diabetes so this study was planned to see the effect of type 2 DM on pulmonary functions.
Materials & Method
The present study was undertaken in two groups. Hundred male individuals were included in the study with each group comprised of 50 individuals. For pulmonary function tests we used computerized Spirometer Statistical difference between the data obtained in various groups was evaluated by z test.
Reduction in FVC-Forced vital capacity reduction is statistically significant. FEV1-reduction is statistically significant. FEV1/FVC (%) reduction is statistically significant.
So it is always better to detect the respiratory damage in diabetes patient at an early stage to prevent the further complications
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