Neck Circumference as a Novel Measure of Central Obesity in Young Adults: Correlation with other Anthropometric Indices
Keywords:Neck circumference, Body Mass Index, Waist circumference, Obesity, Overweight.
Obesity is an important yet the most neglected public health problem that has assumed epidemic proportions even in developing countries. Many simple anthropometric indices, including the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) are being widely used as markers to reflect obesity. In recent years, there has been growing interest in the utility of neck circumference (NC) in identifying people with obesity. This new index of upper body adiposity is quite easy to determine, does not require much body exposure, and is believed to correlate with other obesity indices.
This study was undertaken with the purpose to find out the relationship of neck circumference (NC) with other anthropometrical indices.
Materials and Method
This cross sectional study was carried out over a period of six months among 192 medical students. The participants were examined for various anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, and NC. BMI was calculated. The correlation between NC and other indices (BMI, weight WC) was assessed by calculating the Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) and P > 0.05 was taken as statistically significant.
Neck circumference (NC) positively correlated with BMI, weight and WC. The correlation was statistically significant (P < 0.001).
Our study revealed a positive and significant correlation between neck circumference (NC)and other anthropometric indices like BMI, weight and waist circumference (WC) in young medical students, indicating an increase in BMI, weight and waist circumference (WC) with an increase in neck circumference (NC) or vice versa
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