A Study of Correlation Between Blood Groups and Anemia in Young Adults
Keywords:Blood group, Hemoglobin, Anaemia.
Anaemia is a global nutritional problem common in developing countries. Most common type of anaemia is iron deficiency anaemia. Anaemia can be corrected by giving iron supplements and vitamins, but it has its own side effects when given on long term. So, this study aims to know whether there is any relation between blood group and occurrence of anaemia, so that preventive measures can be taken to combat anaemia in individuals who are more prone to it.
The study is conducted on 198 MBBS students (males and females) who are in the age group of 18–25 years in Bidar institute of medical sciences, Bidar. Blood sample is taken using finger prick, under aseptic conditions and blood group is determined using glass slide method using antisera A, B and D. Hemoglobin concentration is estimated using Sahli's method.
In our study we found that students with blood group B (24%)are more prone for anemia, followed by O (16%), AB (10%) and blood group A (8%). Blood group A almost resistant to anemia.
We can conclude that regular intake of iron and vitamin supplements could be suggested to the individuals who are more susceptible to anemia based on their blood groups.
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