Introduction and Assessment of Jigsaw Method of Teaching on Challenging Topics in Physiology for First Year Medical Students
Keywords:Cooperative learning, small group teaching learning method, Jigsaw.
Working with active participation in a group results in success. It has been observed that the attendance and performance of the students is reducing in small group teaching because of their lack of interest. Jigsaw method is an innovative and cooperative method of teaching and learning as it involves active participation of students, focuses on fellow learners’ co-operation and reassures team work.
The present study is aimed for introducing and assessing the effectiveness of Jigsaw method in enhancing cognitive and communication skills in M.B.B.S. students and it also attempts to train the faculty for this teaching learning method.
A didactic lecture on the topic “Auditory system: EAR” was taken by the faculty of the Department of Physiology for 150 first year MBBS students. A prevalidated questionnaire based pre-test was taken in the tutorial hours. Students were randomly divided into 4 expert groups. Each group was given 4 subtopics of ear and they had 30 minutes to prepare it. After that, one student from each expert group was selected and a new mixed group of 4students each was made. The new group was asked to discuss the topic in 30 minutes. Now a Post-test was taken. Student feedback was taken by a prevalidated questionnaire of feedback Reflection writing of the faculty and students were also taken.
It was observed that there was a 118% gain of knowledge in the students P< 0.0001 120.88% students agreed that this teaching learning method was helpful, time saving and doubt clearing. 23.96% students strongly agree that this method should be conducted more frequently in future and in the other departments also. 57.14% faculty suggested that this method needs more planning to execute but at the same time they agreed that it involved active participation of students and faculty both.
Cooperative learning like Jigsaw facilitates learning in small groups with fellow learner and encourages team work which ultimately enhances the teaching learning experience.
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