Efficacy of Health Belief Model-Based Intervention in Enhancing Breast Cancer Screening Behaviors among Women at Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf City
Keywords:Health Belief Model-Based Intervention, Breast Cancer, Screening Behaviors.
Background: Breast cancer is disease in which cells in breast tissue change and divide uncontrolled, resulting
in a lump or mass. This study aims to determine the efficacy of health belief model-based intervention in
enhancing women’s breast cancer screening behaviors.
Method: A randomized controlled trial was conducted using the Health Belief Model. The study included
a systematic random sample of 110 women. Women who age 22-68-years were selected from Banks in AlNajaf Al-Ashraf City.
Data were collected through a self-report instrument that includes women’s sociodemographic characteristics
of age, marital status, and economic status, the Perceived Susceptibility Scale, the Perceived Benefits Scale,
the Self-Efficacy Scale, the Health Motivation, the Perceived Severity Scale, and the Perceived Barriers
Scale. Data were analyzedusing the statistical package forsocial sciences, version 26.
The study results revealed that HBM-based intervention was efficacious in enhancing the Perceived
Susceptibility, the Perceived Benefits, the Self-Efficacy, the Health Motivation, the Perceived Severity,
and the Perceived Barriers for women in the study group. The researcher concluded that the HBM-based
intervention we as efficacious in enhancing women’s screening behaviors for breast cancer.
Conclusion: The researcher concluded that the HBM-based intervention was effective in enhancing women’s
breast cancer screening behaviors.
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