Factors Related to Problem Drinking in Korean Elderly
Keywords:Elderly, AUDIT score, Demographic factor, High risk alcohol drinking, Problem drinking
Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and related risk factors of
problem drinking in the Korean elderly population.
Method/Statistical Analysis: Participants (n=817) aged 65 years or older were selected from the Korea
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [KNHANES] of 2018. Sociodemographic characteristics
and AUDIT-C score were obtained from the KNHANES dataset. AUDIT-C scores were categorized into two
groups, including low risk, high-risk alcohol drinking according to WHO guidelines. Data analysis was
performed using SPSS WIN 25.0 program.
Findings: In this study, the prevalence of high-risk alcohol drinking was 31.9%, respectively. Adjusted
mean AUDIT score was higher in men, younger elderly individuals, as well as those with lower education
levels and those that smoked. Results revealed that demographic variables, including sex, age, education
level, and smoking, were important factors affected high-risk drinking. In particular, since family number
and smoking were the most significant risk factor, the odds ratio for high-risk drinking among participants
that smoked was 2.49 [(95% confidence interval (CI)=1.31-4.71)].
Improvements/Applications: This study suggests that men, younger age, low educational level, and
smoking are the risk factors for a high-risk alcohol drinking