The Influence of Telenursingagainst Adherence to Anti TB Treatment toward Tuberculosis Patient in BIMA City
Keywords:Tuberculosis, Telenursing, Adherence to Treatment.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which attacks
various organs, especially lungs. This disease must be treated immediately before it causes complications
even death. The number of TB cases in Indonesia was 420,994 cases in 2017. Lack of adherence against TB
treatment still becomes an obstacle of global health, and mobile phone-based interventions have potential
to solve this problem. Furthermore, this research aimed at investigating the influence of telenursing against
adherence to anti-TB treatment toward patient with tuberculosis. This research was conducted in Bima City,
West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia which consisted of 3 (three) Public Health Centers. Method of this
research was experimental anddesign in this research used quasi experimental design (One group PretestPosttest Design). Moreover, results of this research showed that TB respondents before being treatedby
telenursing who were in category of moderate adherence were 14 respondents (23.3%), meanwhile, in
category of poor adherence were 46 respondents (76.7%). After being treatedby telenursing, TB respondents
who were in category of high adherence were 60 respondents (100%). Test through SPSS was obtained a
significant result which was 0.001 for intervention with a significance level of 0.05. Because p value was
<0.05, then Ho was rejected, which meant that there was a significant difference in results between before
and after being treated by telenursing.
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