Association between Patient’s Educational Degree with Level of Knowledge and Perception Regarding Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Keywords:Education, knowledge, perception, tuberculosis
Background: Indonesia is the second largest population of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) worldwide.
Unfortunately, this condition has remained unchanged past decade. Education is essential for the formation
of knowledge and perception, which is important, due to its impact on tuberculosis treatment implementation.
Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the association between patient’s educational degree with
knowledge and perception regarding pulmonary tuberculosis.
Method: This was observational analytic study with cross-sectional design. The study was conducted on 51
patients in TB outpatient clinic from Siti Khodijah Hospital and two Primary Health Care in Sidoarjo. Using
simple random sampling, a questionnaire was formed to obtain related information about the variables
studied; including baseline characteristic (age, gender, education, occupation), patient’s knowledge,
and perception regarding pulmonary tuberculosis. Then parameter’s of knowledge and perception were
classified: good and low.
Results: Using multivariate analysis of Wilcoxon test, there was a significant difference between each group
of patient educational degree with knowledge regarding tuberculosis (p = 0.00) and perception regarding
tuberculosis (p = 0.00).
Conclusion: Different patient educational degree shows different knowledge and perception regarding
Pulmonary TB. This result may indicate that the educational degree affected the patient to understand the
disease. The collaborative approach needed to build proper patient’s knowledge and perception. Lack of
knowledge regarding TB, may due to a deficiency in Indonesian school curriculum content. These results
will inform the development of relevant education, and information system, to enhance awareness about
tuberculosis in society.
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