Inflammatory Enlargement of the Gingiva: A Case Report
Keywords:Inflammatory, Hyperplastic, Gingiva, Enlargement, Local factors, Electrosurgery, Histopathology
Background: Gingival enlargement is one of the frequent features of gingival diseases. Inflammation
of the gingival tissues can be induced by diverse method. All changes in gingival tissues express with
some degree of inflammation. In some cases, where gingival enlargement could be the primary sign of
potentially lethal systemic diseases, a correct diagnosis of these enlargements could prove life saving for
the patient or at least initiate early treatment and improve the quality of life. Pertinent management depends
on precisely diagnosing the origin of enlargement. The aim of publishing this case report is to present the
clinical, histopathological features and treatment of inflammatory gingival enlargement which disturbed the
aesthetics and masticatory function of the patient.
Method: A 20 year old female patient reported with a chief complaint of swelling in the gums of teeth in
lower front region. The enlargement was soft and friable and bleeding spontaneously making it difficult for
the patient to maintain adequate personal oral hygiene. Surgical therapy was carried out to provide a good
Conclusion: No recurrence was reported. Gingival overgrowth is unaesthetic, and may interfere in
mastication and speech; hence a thorough understanding of the pathogenesis is essential for management.
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