Study of the Relationship between Vitamin D Level and the Increase in the Severity of Covid-19 Infection in Kirkuk City


  • Muhannad Abdullah Al-Azzawy
  • Staar Mohammed Qader
  • Ali Adnan Mirdan



Covid-19; Severe infection; PCR; Kirkuk; Vitamin D


The study aimed to find the relation between Covid-19 infection and reduction in vitamin-D levels and
with development of severe infection The study was conducted in Kirkuk city during July 2020, included
120 COVID-19 patients who diagnosed by collecting of naso/oropharyngeal swabs and the virus RNA
was qualitatively detected by real-Time PCR in Public Health Laboratory according manufacture
instruction and WHO protocol. The study also included 30 healthy persons as control group. The study
included the collection of blood samples for determination of vitamin-D level (I-chroma, Korea) by direct
immunofluorescence technique and according to manufacture instruction. The study also included collection
of associated information like age, sex, residence, BMI and by contacting with all patients daily until the
10th day of infection to know their status after treatment. The study showed that, majority of patients were
aged from 22 to 41 years of old (P. value <0.001). The study showed that 62.5% of COVID-19 patients
were males compared with 37.5% females (P<0.05). The study showed that were asymptomatic, 44.17% of
cases of COVID-19 patients were with mild infection and 10% were with severe infection (P<0.001). The
study showed a significant relation between Covid-19 infection status with age as the highest mean of age
of Covid-19 infected patients was recorded in those who with severe infection. The study showed that the
lowest mean of serum Vitamin was found in COVID-19 patients comparing with healthy control (12.8±3.6
v.s. 29.3±3.1 ng/ml) (P: <0.001). The study also demonstrated that the level of vit. D was significantly
reduced in severe infected COVID-19 patients followed by patients with moderate infection and the highest
mean was in patients with asymptomatic infection (P<0.001).

Author Biographies

Muhannad Abdullah Al-Azzawy

Ph.D., Medical Microbiology-Virology & Immunology, Kirkuk Health Directorate, Iraq

Staar Mohammed Qader

Ph.D., Medical
Microbiology-Virology. College of Medical Technology. AL-Kitab University. Kirkuk

Ali Adnan Mirdan

Ph.D., Clinical
Biochemistry. Kirkuk Health Directorate, Iraq



How to Cite

Muhannad Abdullah Al-Azzawy, Staar Mohammed Qader, & Ali Adnan Mirdan. (2021). Study of the Relationship between Vitamin D Level and the Increase in the Severity of Covid-19 Infection in Kirkuk City. Medico Legal Update, 21(2), 1383-1387.