Pattern of Fatal IntraAbdominal Injuries in Autopsy Cases- A 3 Year Retrospective Study

Authors

  • Khaja Azizuddin Junaidi
  • Kashif Ali

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.2958

Keywords:

Abdominal injuries, Blunt trauma, Road Traffic Accidents

Abstract

Introduction- Abdominal trauma is an injury to abdomen and is a common presentation in the emergency
room if it is caused by blunt force. According to WHO, in few years trauma will become the first or second
leading cause of loss of productive years of life for both developed and developing countries. The most
common cause of blunt abdominal trauma are road traffic accidents, fall from height, assaults, industrial
accidents, etc.
Objective- To study the pattern and prevalence of abdominal injuries in relation to the various epidemiological
factors.
Materials and Methods- This retrospective study was conducted over a period of 3 years from January
2016 to December 2018. The total number of cases studied were 120 showing abdominal injuries. This
study on medicolegal autopsies was carried out at mortuary of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi,
Karnataka.
Results- A total of 120 cases were included in this study who presented with blunt abdominal trauma. In our
study males (83 cases) outnumbered females (37 cases) and majority of the cases were in age group of 21-30
years (38.3%). Most of the cases were from rural background (57.5%). Road traffic accidents (75.8%) were
the most common reason behind the abdominal trauma. The most common cause of death was shock and
haemorrhage (69.2%). Liver was involved in majority of the victims followed by spleen.

Author Biographies

Khaja Azizuddin Junaidi

Tutor, Department of Forensic Medicine, GIMS, Gulbarga, Karnataka

Kashif Ali

Senior Resident, Department of Forensic Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Junaidi, K. A. ., & Ali, K. . (2021). Pattern of Fatal IntraAbdominal Injuries in Autopsy Cases- A 3 Year Retrospective Study. Medico Legal Update, 21(3), 19-23. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.2958