Post-Concussion Syndrome and Factors Associated With Post- Concussion Syndrome Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Keywords:Socio-demographics, Injury characteristics, mild traumatic brain injury, post-concussion syndrome
Background: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a worldwide public health concern especially in developing
countries. This study was conducted to describe the prevalence, severity symptoms and determine factors
associated with post-concussion syndrome (PCS) following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI).
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 218 patients following MTBI after discharged
hospital from one week to one year at Odor Meanchey Provincial Hospital (OMCPH) and Anlong Veng
Referral Hospital (AVRH). Multiple linear regression was applied to determine factors association.
Results: Of the total 218 patients following MTBI, 79.4% had symptoms of PCS, with 5.8% re-hospitalization
due to PCS. The most frequently occurring symptoms in PCS following MTBI were from headache 71.7%,
being irritable 68.8%, forgetfulness 66.5%, fatigue 62.4%, and taking longer to think 57.2%. Marital status
ß=-.236, p=.001, loss of consciousness (LoC) at the time of injury ß=-.205, p=.003, length of hospitalization
ß=.288, p<0.001, and readmission ß=-.271, p<0.001 were statistically associated with PCS following MTBI.
Conclusion: Majority of patients had symptoms of PCS. The most frequent symptoms were headache, being
irritable, and forgetfulness. Socio-demographic and injury characteristics factors play an essential role in
PCS following MTBI.
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