Hospital Accessibility in Indonesia

Authors

  • Zainul Khaqiqi Nantabah
  • Diyan Ermawan Effendi
  • Zulfa Auliyati Agustina
  • Mara Ipa
  • Agung Dwi Laksono

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.2973

Keywords:

hospital access, ecological analysis, equity, poverty, healthcare performance.

Abstract

The government’s task is to ensure easy access for the public to the health facilities needed. The study aimed
at analyzing ecologically the factors related to the accessibility of hospitals in Indonesia. The ecological
analysis conducted using secondary data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia report
in 2018. The study takes all provincesas samples. Apart from households easily accessible to the hospital,
five other variables analyzed as independent variables were total population, population density, poverty
depth index, poverty severity, and population percentage completing primary education. Data were analyzed
using a scatter plot. The study results found that the higher the total population in a province, the higher the
percentage of households easily accessible to the hospital in that province.Thehigher the population density
in an area, the higher the percentage of households access to the hospital in that area.On the other hand,
the higher the poverty depth index in a region, the lower the percentage of households easily accessible
to the hospital in that province. Moreover, the higher the poverty severity index in a region, the lower the
percentage of households easily accessible to the hospital in that region. Finally, the higher the percentage of
the population completing primary education in a province, the higher the percentage of households easily
accessible to the hospital in that province. It concluded that five independent variables were analyzed related
to the accessibility of hospitals in Indonesia.

Author Biographies

Zainul Khaqiqi Nantabah

Researcher, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management, The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Diyan Ermawan Effendi

Researcher, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management, The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Zulfa Auliyati Agustina

Researcher, Functional Unit of Health Technology Innovation,The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, Surabaya, Indonesia

Mara Ipa

Researcher, Unit of Health Research and Development Pangandaran, The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, West Java, Indonesia.

Agung Dwi Laksono

Researcher, Center of Research and Development of Humanities and Health Management, The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Nantabah, Z. K. ., Effendi, D. E. ., Agustina, Z. A. ., Mara Ipa, & Laksono, A. D. . (2021). Hospital Accessibility in Indonesia. Medico Legal Update, 21(3), 125-133. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.2973