Model of Nursing Group Intervention based on Interpersonal Human Caring (IHC) Toward Psychological Needs of the Adolescent in the Orphanage
Keywords:model, intervention, care, adolescence, psychological needs.
Introduction. Live at the Orphanage with various facility limitations requires teenagers to develop according
to the situation. The facts that exist in the Orphanage, orientation of meeting the youth group’s needs are
physical needs. Purpose. The study aimed to develop an interpersonal human caring (IHC) -based group
nursing intervention model on adolescents’ psychological needs in the Orphanage. The contribution of this
research is to increase the psychological needs of adolescents so that adolescents are confident in carrying
out activities even at the orphanage. Method. The method used is observational analytic. The sample is
some teenagers who live in orphanages in Surabaya City and Sidoarjo Regency, taken by random cluster
sampling, totaling 260 people. Research variables include predisposing factors and values of care, supporting
aspects and environmental caring, driving factors, interpersonal behavior of adolescents’ human caring, and
psychological needs. Phase 2 research with the quasi-experimental method for model testing. The samples
were some of the teenagers who lived in one of the orphanages in Surabaya and Sidoarjo, amounting to
32 people taken by simple random sampling. The instrument uses a questionnaire. Data analysis used
descriptive analysis and model testing with Partial Least Square (PLS) software. Results and Discuss. The
first stage of the study found that all indicators of the variables can explain the construct variables (T>1,96).
Path diagram analysis of all exogenous variables influences psychological needs. The second phase of paired
t-test testing found differences in psychological needs before and after the trial model. Model of Nursing
Group Intervention based on interpersonal human caring (IHC) can be usedto support physical needs for
teenagers in the Orphanage (p<0,05). Every In the Orphanage needs added a Psychology as a consultant.
Conclusion. The new scientific findings from this study were the formation of IHC-based group intervention
models. This model can fulfill psychological needs in adolescents at the Orphanage. The conclusion that
predisposing factors and values of care, supporting elements and caring environment, and driving factors are
essential factors that can influence human affectionate interpersonal behavior. Implication.This behavior
can improve the fulfillment of the psychological needs of adolescents in the Orphanage.
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