Genetic Evaluation for the Proposed role of Staphylococcus aureus in Burn Patients
Keywords:genetic evaluations, Staphylococcus aureus, Infections-Macrolides resistance.
Background: Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive spherical bacterium. It is a human skin and
respiratory flora which is considered as one of the most common cause of burn infections. It always finds a
way to resist antibiotics due to that it had virulence and resistance genes as well as acquired of new genes
from other strains which makes it more dangerous. Aims: This study aims at investigating the prevalence
of genetic evaluations for Staphylococcus aureus in the burn unit. Methods: A total of 223 burn swabs
were collected from the burn patient’s unit during the period from September to December 2019 in ALHussain
Teaching Hospital in AL-Nasiriya City, Southern of Iraq. These 223 burn swabs were subjected to
macroscopic, microscopic, cultures, biochemical test and out of the 223 clinical swab only (70) undergoes
the PCR and DNA sequence technique looking for new emergence strains. Results: The current study used
partial 16SrRNA gene sequences for (6) Staphylococcus aureus isolates and found (5) of them were global
and one was local according to the accession numbers of NCBI Gene bank, MT605440.1, MT605441.1,
MT605442.1, MT605445.1, MT605443.1, MT605444.1.
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