The Role of Nursing Practice to Prevent Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in the Intensive Care Units


  • Yousef Shudaifat
  • Mohammed ALBashtawy
  • Jamal Qaddumi
  • Mohammed Baqir
  • Suzan Zamzam
  • Ali Ibnian
  • Abdullah Alkhawaldeh



Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, Prevention, Intensive Care Unit.


Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is considered as the foremost common hospital-acquired
risk associated with patients on a ventilator, and there are numerous avoidance techniques that can
be connected by Intensive care unit (ICU) nurses in arrange to diminish the hazard of frequency of VAP in
This paper aimed to evaluate theeffect of the nursing role, applying guidelines and adherence of health
professionals to VAP bundle prevention strategies in an attempt to decrease rates of VAP in mechanically
ventilated adult patients. An electronic searching was performed in thedatabases: Google Scholar, Research
Gate and PubMed. The review paper showed that the applying of VAP bundle prevention as daily component
of nursing care among ICU nursesin the ventilated patient can decrease incidence rate of VAP; and can be
considered as a sensitive indicator that reflects patient outcomes. There are many factors among nurses for
not adhering to these guidelines which may affect on patient’s health outcome. This review paper provides
nurses working in ICU with efficient knowledge regarding nurses’ care guidelines to prevent the incidence
rate of VAP in ICU.Further study is necessary in order to verify agood understanding and confirm the factors
that may affect the development and increase incidence rate of VAP.

Author Biographies

Yousef Shudaifat

RN, Master Student, Critical Care Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, AL al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan

Mohammed ALBashtawy

Professor, Princess Salma Faculty of Nursing, AL al-Bayt University,Mafraq, Jordan

Jamal Qaddumi

Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University,

Mohammed Baqir

Assistance Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Baghdad university, Baghdad, Iraq

Suzan Zamzam

Lectuer,Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Almanara University, Lattakia, Syria

Ali Ibnian

Faculty of Medicine, JUST, Irbid, Jordan

Abdullah Alkhawaldeh

Assistance Professor, Princess Salma Faculty of Nursing,AL al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan



How to Cite

Shudaifat, Y. ., ALBashtawy, M. ., Qaddumi, J. ., Baqir, M. ., Zamzam, S. ., Ibnian, A. ., & Alkhawaldeh, A. . (2021). The Role of Nursing Practice to Prevent Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in the Intensive Care Units. Medico Legal Update, 21(3), 270-273.

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