The Relationship between Environmental Temperature and Sleep Needs of Patients in Emergency Hospitals

Authors

  • Nova Budiharjo
  • Sismulyanto
  • Harry Kuswandari
  • OvieLestya Nurdiana
  • Mursaka
  • Yahya Ulumuddin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.3005

Abstract

Sleep is one of the basic human needs. Patients who are sick often need more sleep and rest than healthy
people. Inadequate sleep and poor sleep quality can result in disturbed physiological and psychological
balance. One of the factors that can affect the quality and quantity of sleep is the ambient temperature.
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between environmental temperature and the
fulfillment of the sleep needs of patients in the inpatient room. This type of research is an analytic survey
with a cross-sectional design. The population in this study were all inpatients class III North Lombok
Regency Emergency Hospital. The sampling technique used accidental sampling with a sample size of 71
people. Data analysis using Chi-Square. The results showed that the environmental temperature of the North
Lombok Emergency Hospital was in the high category, namely 53.5%. Most of the patients’ sleep needs
were in the insufficient category, namely 67.6%. There is a relationship between ambient temperature and
the need for the sleep of patients in the Emergency Hospital of North Lombok Regency with an X2 value of
34.054 with a p-value of 0.000 (p <0.05). The conclusion in this study is that the environmental temperature
affects the patient’s sleep needs, where the higher the ambient temperature, the patient’s need for sleep
becomes disturbed or insufficient. Suggestions in this study can provide a reference in improving service to
patients, especially increasing the patient’s sleep needs such as facilities and infrastructure (air conditioning
and ventilation) so that the room temperature is not hot.

Author Biographies

Nova Budiharjo

Postgraduate Student, Public Health Department, Universitas Qomarul Huda Badaruddin
Bagu, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia,

Sismulyanto

Graduate School, Public Health Department, Universitas Qomarul Huda Badaruddin
Bagu, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Harry Kuswandari

Nurse at the Regional General Hospital of North Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

OvieLestya Nurdiana

Postgraduate Student, Public Health Department, Universitas Qomarul Huda Badaruddin
Bagu, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Mursaka

Postgraduate Student, Public Health Department, Universitas Qomarul Huda Badaruddin
Bagu, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Yahya Ulumuddin

Postgraduate Student, Public Health Department, Universitas Qomarul Huda Badaruddin
Bagu, West Nusa Tenggara

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Budiharjo, N. ., Sismulyanto, Kuswandari, H. ., Nurdiana, O., Mursaka, & Ulumuddin, Y. (2021). The Relationship between Environmental Temperature and Sleep Needs of Patients in Emergency Hospitals. Medico Legal Update, 21(3), 52-57. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.3005