The Symptoms of Impaired Lung Function and Its Determinants Analysis on Garment Workers at UD. Surabaya Jember Region

Authors

  • Mayang Sari Eka Sriwahyuningsih
  • Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchianti
  • Hadi Prayitno

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.3017

Keywords:

Impaired Lung Function, Exposure Contact, Individual Characteristic, Amount of Exposure Contact

Abstract

Lung disease due to work is a disease or disorder that occurs due to the inhalation of dangerous particles,
mists, vapors or gases while someone is working. UD. Surabaya is an informal garment industry making
apparel in the city of Jember which has several processes including cutting, sewing, and finishing. As many
as 5 out of 10 workers who were randomly interviewed said that they experienced respiratory problems such
as shortness of time at work, and 3 workers suffered from symptoms of lung function disorders after 10 years
of work.The aim of research was to analyze symptoms of impaired lung function on garment workers at
UD. Surabaya Jember District. The data used in this research were primary data which have been collected
from questionnaire to 108 worker respondents. The analysis instrument was technique of regression of
weight through AMOS software. The result of instrument testing concluded that all variables were valid
and reliable as the instruments of data collection. The result of data analysis referred that: 1) the individual
characteristics have positive effect to the symptoms of impaired lung function, 2) the amount of exposure
contact have positive effect to the symptoms of impaired lung function on garment workers, 3) the indicators
of individual characteristic which affected to the symptoms of impaired lung functions were smoking habit
and nutritional status, and 4) the indicators of exposure contact amount which affected to the symptoms
of impaired lung function were length of exposure and year of service. As a discussion , The longer the
working period, the longer the worker is exposed to dust. The more exposure to dust that accumulates in the
lungs which will later affect the capacity of lung function. A clinical manifestation disorder of decreased
respiratory function will begin to appear and become permanent after exposure to dust between 10 years
of work then one of the factors that can accelerate the decline in lung function is smoking. The results of
this study indicate that individual characteristics and the number of exposure contacts have a positive effect
on symptoms of impaired lung function, so it is necessary to conduct an evaluation regarding the risks
experienced by workers. As a conclusion the symptom of impaired lung function on workers was caused by
several factors as individual characteristic and amount of exposure contact.

Author Biographies

Mayang Sari Eka Sriwahyuningsih

Graduate Student, Magister Program of Public Health Education, Jember University, East Java (Indonesia),

Ancah Caesarina Novi Marchianti

Medical Doctor, Philosophy of Doctor, Faculty of Medicine, Jember University, East Java (Indonesia),

Hadi Prayitno

Lecturer at Faculty of Social Science and Political Science, Jember University, East Java (Indonesia)

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Sriwahyuningsih, M. S. E. ., Novi Marchianti, A. C. ., & Prayitno, H. . (2021). The Symptoms of Impaired Lung Function and Its Determinants Analysis on Garment Workers at UD. Surabaya Jember Region. Medico Legal Update, 21(3), 383-391. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.3017