Prevalence of Thyroid Defects in Diyala, Iraq


  • Mohammed Mohammud Habash



Prevalence, thyroid defects, thyroid stimulating hormone, carcinoma


Thyroid disorders are associated with the abnormalities occur in thyroid hormone concentration and imbalance
in their regulation may causes life threatening diseases. Thus, the present study was planned to establish the
prevalence of thyroid defects in Diyala, Iraq due to paucity of information is available in our region. Total
67 subjects in the age range of 20-80 years were recruited in Al - Shafa hospital, Diyala, Iraq, suffering
from thyroid disorders or suspected with the symptoms favoring thyroid diseases. Thyroid function test and
physical examination were performed. Those who were found alteration in thyroid hormones and presence
of nodules, further investigation like FNAC of neck was performed for the diagnosis. Once confirmation of
thyroid defect, total thyroidectomy was performed as a first line of treatment and malignancy was confirmed
using histopathology analysis. The incidence of thyroid diseases in female (86.57%) was found to be more
than male (13.43%) and there ratio was 19.3:3. The thyroid defects incident rate was highest in mean 49
years age. Almost 61.2% patients were found affected by thyroid disorders in this age group. The largest
number of patients (64.18%) had shown MNG, then other thyroid defects out of which 4 female patients
presented very big thyroid multinodular goiter (MNG). Among 43 MNG patients, 86% patients were female
and 4% were male. Of the 67 cytologically diagnosed cases, 79.10% cases were found benign cases which
are highest among all other types, out of which 91% cases were female. Among the thyroid disorder burden
of thyroid carcinoma is very high and common in the enrolled patients in Diyala, further longitudinal studies
are required to explore the prognosis and causes of these thyroid defects in the Iraq.

Author Biography

Mohammed Mohammud Habash

Assistant Professor in General Surgery, College of Medicine, Diyala University, Diyala, Iraq



How to Cite

Mohammud Habash, M. . (2021). Prevalence of Thyroid Defects in Diyala, Iraq. Medico Legal Update, 21(3), 408-415.

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