Knowledge, attitude and Behavior of the Moroccan Population During Covid-19

Authors

  • Soumaia Hmimou
  • Nesma Nekkal
  • Youssef Azami Idrissi
  • Sara Boukhorb
  • Khaoula Bendahbia
  • Sidi Mohamed Riad Benzidane
  • Abdelmajid Soulaymani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.3037

Keywords:

Covid-19; Morocco; Knowledge, Attitude; PHQ-4

Abstract

Background: Since December 2019 the world has experienced a significant spread of the Covid-19
pandemic. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on
the mental health of the population.
Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Morocco and was administered to a sample of
702 respondents. The subject was assessed using a questionnaire containing the following information:
Personal demographic characteristics, knowledge and awareness of COVID-19 outbreak, Attitude towards
COVID-19 outbreak, Behavioral change in relation to COVID-19 outbreak, Patient Health Questionnaire
(PHQ-4) screening questions for anxiety and depression, and finally a questionnaire related to people at risk
of psychological harm from social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic, data collection began three
weeks after confinement began and lasted for five weeks, from April 10 to 08 Mai.
Results: 702 participants responded to the survey. The descriptive analysis of the database showed that
the majority of respondents were male (69.3%), aged 20 to 30 years (46.15%), with university diploma
(61.25%) and employed (63.53%).Knowledge differed considerablyby level of education; however, Attitude
differed significantly according to gender and educational level. Correlations between the knowledge,
attitude, behavioral behavioural, PHQ-4 and the psychological harm score shows that the variables “attitude,
behavioural and Psychological harm” are significantly correlated with the PHQ-4 score, the higher the latter
are the greater the last is high.In addition, the “Knowledge” variable is also significantly correlated. The
greater the knowledge, the smaller the PHQ-4 score.
Conclusion: The covid-19 pandemic is a public health problem

Author Biographies

Soumaia Hmimou

Ibn Tofail University, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco

Nesma Nekkal

Center of Biological and Medical Sciences, CIAM,Mohamed VI Polytechnic University, Ben-Guerir, Morocco

Youssef Azami Idrissi

Ibn Tofail University, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco

Sara Boukhorb

Ibn Tofail University, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco

Khaoula Bendahbia

Ibn Tofail University, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco

Sidi Mohamed Riad Benzidane

Center of Biological and Medical Sciences, CIAM,Mohamed VI Polytechnic University, Ben-Guerir, Morocco

Abdelmajid Soulaymani

Ibn Tofail University, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Hmimou, S. ., Nekkal, N. ., Idrissi, Y. A. ., Boukhorb, S. ., Bendahbia, K. ., Riad Benzidane, S. M. ., & Soulaymani, A. . (2021). Knowledge, attitude and Behavior of the Moroccan Population During Covid-19. Medico Legal Update, 21(3), 502-510. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v21i3.3037

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