Profile of Deaths in HIV Infected Patients: A 5 Year Retrospective Study from Western Maharashtra
Keywords:HIV-AIDS, deaths, prevalence, clinical profile, tuberculosis.
This is a retrospective study of deaths in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients at Grant
Medical college and Sir JJ group of hospitals, Mumbai from July 2000 up to June 2005 to determine statistical
distribution with respect to age, sex and occupation , study clinical profile and causes of deaths among the
HIV positive cases. For this we analysed the clinical records and autopsy reports of total 11092 deaths
occurred during study period; out of these 1466 (13.2%) were HIV positive deaths. Out of those 1466 HIV,
maximum cases (54%) were in the age group 31-40 years; Males (78%) clearly outnumbered the female
population in the present study. Regarding occupation wise incidence, in 5% cases factory workers were
mainly affected. In the present study, clinically pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 40% cases, tuberculous
meningitis was found in 21% cases and pneumonia was found in the 15% cases. Pulmonary tuberculosis was
the immediate cause of death in 40% cases in the present study. Tuberculous meningitis and pneumonia were
also the common causes of death in the present study.
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