The Case Study of Heart Disease at Urban and Rural Communities by Gender and Age in Indonesia in 2018
Keywords:Heart disease, urban, rural, women, men. elderly
Introduction: Heart disease is a community health problem. It is expensive to care and cure and leading
cause of death in Indonesia. The research aimed to analyze relationship and magnitude of the risk of
exposure of heart disease in urban and rural communities according to age and sex factors. Methods: It
was quantitative research with cross sectional design. Data came from Indonesia Basic Health Research
at 2018 with all household as population. Sample were individuals aged ≥ 15 years. It used chi square
and estimate risk analysis. Results: Heart disease was higher in urban areas, especially 54,6% women
were more exposed to heart disease than 45,4% men. Also elderly group was the highest (65,8%) than
other group. There were 66.7% elderly men and 65.0% women risk to exposed heart disease than other
groups. There was a significant relationship between gender, age and region with heart disease cases.
The exposure risk of heart disease for men in urban areas were 1.4 times greater than rural. The urban
elderly group were 1.9 times greater than rural. The urban elderly men group were 2 times greater than
rural. The urban elderly women group were 1.8 times larger than rural. Conclusion: Heart disease in
urban areas was higher than rural areas. Women had more risk of heart disease. Elderly women group
had highest risk than other age groups.
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