Suicide Among Adolescents: A Medico-legal Study at Tertiary Care Centre of Western Maharashtra, India

Authors

  • S.S.Vidhate
  • N.P. Zanjad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v22i3.3304

Keywords:

Adolescent, Suicide, Hanging, Manner of death.

Abstract

Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of mortality among young people and is an important public health problem.
The main aim of the study is to identify the pattern of suicide among adolescent age group and to suggest preventive
methods. This is a retrospective autopsy-based study from 01 June 2018 to 31 May 2019 conducted at the Department of
Forensic Medicine, B. J. Government Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India. Total 84 cases of suicidal death among
adolescent (11 to 19 years) were recorded during the study period. Maximum number of cases (52.38 %) was observed
in late adolescent age group (18–19 years) with Female predominance (70.23 %) with F:M ratio was 2.45:1. Hanging
(79.76 %) was the most common method used for committing suicide and maximum adolescent (73.80%) preferred their
own residence for committing suicide. Love affair was observed as most common precipitating factor for committing
suicide (42.85 %) and other precipitating factors were quarrel between parents, depression and addiction, school related
problems, sex related problems, one sided love. The paper discussed different preventive methods, specific to adolescent
age so as to help in identifying vulnerable adolescent.

Author Biographies

S.S.Vidhate

Senior Resident, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra

N.P. Zanjad

Professor and Head, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, B.J.Government Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra.

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Published

2022-08-16

How to Cite

S.S.Vidhate, & N.P. Zanjad. (2022). Suicide Among Adolescents: A Medico-legal Study at Tertiary Care Centre of Western Maharashtra, India. Medico Legal Update, 22(3), 34–38. https://doi.org/10.37506/mlu.v22i3.3304