Procedure to Proceed Under the Provision of Section 161 CrPC
Keywords:Police investigation, Criminal Procedure Code, Evidence, Summon, Penalty.
Police Investigating Officer plays a vital role in a crime investigation. They are the first contact persons for a legal
inquiry. Sec. 161, Cr.P.C describes the laws about how a police can examine a person, though there are many
other related legal acts. A statement of a witness recorded by Investigating Police Officer during the process
of investigation is neither administered under oath/affirmation nor tested by cross-examination. So, as per
Indian law, it can’t be considered a piece of substantive evidence. However, it may be used by the defense for
contradicting the prosecution witness. The statements made to the Police Investigating Officer by witnesses are
required to initiate a trial in a court of law.