Knowledge, Attitude of Mothers towards Infant Oral Healthcare in Baghdad City/ Al-Karkh
Keywords:Early childhood caries, Infant oral health care, Knowledge, Attitude,, Mothers.
Background: Oral health is a key pointer of overall health, and quality of life, most oral health problems are
preventable. Mothers, significantly impact their infant’s oral health and play a vital role in prevention of dental
caries among their children.
Aim of the Study: To evaluate knowledge, attitude of mothers towards infant oral healthcare in Baghdad city /
Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among convenient sample of 300 mothers with a
child aged less than one year who were attending the primary healthcare centers in Baghdad city/ Al-Karkh. Data
were collected using a self-administered questionnaire composed of questions regarding knowledge, attitude
of mothers toward infant oral healthcare. The data analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS)
Results: In this study, 88 (29.3%) of participant mothers had good knowledge, which was significantly higher
among the participant mothers aged ≥ 35 years (42.9%), live in urban areas (40.6%), highly educated (54.1%),
employed (45.5%), had ≥ 3 children (41.3%), and mothers whose child aged ≥ 6 months (34.2%).166 (55.3%)of
mothers had good attitudes, which was significantly higher among the participant mothers aged between (30 – 34)
years (83.3%), live in the urban areas (69.8), highly educated (91.8%), employed (81.8%,), had ≥3 children (65.1%),
and mothers who had child aged ≥6 months (64.9%).
Conclusions: Mothers had fair knowledge, good attitude toward infant oral healthcare. Pediatric dentists and
any health care professionals like pediatricians and family physicians who care for infant need to be trained to
disseminate appropriate infant oral health care information and in the prevention of early childhood caries.