Epidemiological Study of Breast Lump Cases

Authors

  • Ankit Sahu, Abhinav Jauhari, Kalayansunda Suresh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijocs.v7i1.287

Keywords:

Breast Lump, Fibroadenoma, Malignancy.

Abstract

Background

In the present era of increased awareness and fear about malignancy in the general population, and promotion of self breast examination, many patients are presenting to the clinic with history of breast lump. They expect proper guidance and effective treatment from the treating surgeon.

Lesions in the breast vary from the most common and benign condition, such as fibroadenoma, to various commoner carcinomas, like infiltrating ductal carcinomas, to rarer entities, such as malignant transformation of phyllodes tumor and carcinoid tumors.

Method

The aim was to study the epidemiology of breast lumps cases attending the surgery OPD and to study the distribution of various pathological entities presenting as breast lump.

The focus of this study was for a better understanding of the breast lump which will help to cure more and more patients at an earlier stage

Results

Patients presenting with the complaints of breast lump, most common age group affected was of 21–30 years. Incidence of the benign lumps was significantly higher than other lumps i.e. 44%, closely followed by malignant lumps i.e. 36% and inflammatory lumps i.e. 10%. Benign breast lump had peak incidence in the age group of 21–30 years, fibroadenoma being the most common entity (40.98%). The upper-outer quadrant was the most frequently involved (57%). There was no significant association between accuracy of FNAC in diagnosis of breast lump in malignancy and non-malignancy (p>0.05). The accuracy of diagnosing malignancy was 87.81%, whereas for benign lumps it was 83.33%.

Conclusions

Benign breast lesions were the commonest cause of the breast lump before the age of 40yrs. Among the benign lumps fibroadenoma was the most common cause (40.98%), and had a peak in the age group of 21-30yrs (age group of 16-45yrs) with varying number and size. The upper and outer quadrant was the most common site of primary tumor.

Author Biography

Ankit Sahu, Abhinav Jauhari, Kalayansunda Suresh

Sahu Ankit1, Jauhari Abhinav1,*, Suresh Kalayansunda2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, School of Medical Sciences & Research Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P.

2Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, School of Medical Sciences & Research Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P.

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Published

2019-02-04