Clinico-Pathological Study of Urolithiasis with Special Reference to Urinary pH & Urinary Culture


  • Durgesh Kumar Pal
  • Brijesh Kumar Agarwal
  • Rehan Fareed
  • Tanu agarwal
  • Rahul Kumar Goyal



Urinary Stone, Pathogenesis, Urinary Ph, Culture.


Introduction- Urinary stone disease is one of the most common afflictions of modern society.It has been described
since antiquity. With westernization of global culture, the site of stone formation has migrated from the lower to upper
urinary tract. Urinary tract stones start to form in a kidney and may enlarge in a ureter or the bladder. Depending on
location of stone, it may be called a renal stone, ureteral stone, bladder stone or uretheral stone.
Aim and Objectives-To study the correlation of clinco-pathological factors in urolithiasis with special reference to
urinary pH and urinary culture.
To study the relationship of age, sex, socio-economic, in incidence of urinary calculi formation.
To study the clinical presentation of urinary tract stone.
To study the importance & significance of urinary pH and urinary infection in patients of urolithiasis.
Material & Methods-The present study design will be of a prospective study, all the patients diagnosed as
urinarylithiasis, in surgical OPD and admitted in surgical ward, of SRMS-IMS, Bareilly.
1-Inclusion Criteria- All the patients diagnosed as urinarylithiasis, reported In surgical OPD and admitted in surgical
ward of SRMS, IMS, Bareilly.
2-Exclusion Criteria A-History of any surgery for urinary lithiasis.B-Urinary stone in congenital urinary disorders.
3-Sample Size- 100 Patients.
Results and Conclusions-With the precise knowledge on epidemiological profile on urolithiasis, the involved
risk factors and knowledge of the stone constituents, it may be necessary to take certain precautionary steps like
improving socioeconomic status, literacy, inculcating hygienic habits, avoiding and treating urinary tract infection,
maintaining asepsis during urinary catheterization / instrumentation and low calcium containing diet, which may all
probably decrease the incidence and morbidity of patients suffering from urolithiasis. The patients with an episode
of stone disease or with a family history of the same are at high risk and should be closely screened for presence of
metabolic disorders and routinely followed up to prevent further recurrences.
Discussion-Urinary tract calculus disease affects people in the most productive years of their life, and more commonly
seen in males of lower socioeconomic status.Urinary tract infection is a very important independent risk factor for
urolithiasis Urea splitting bacteria e.g. Proteus and non-urease containing bacteria e.g. E. Coli, both have a role in
urolithiasis. Urinary ph is a very important independent risk factor for urolithiasis, in my study ph was slightly acidic.
And alkaline urine patients had struvite (infection) stones.

Author Biographies

Durgesh Kumar Pal

Junior Resident-3, Dept. of General Surgery, SRMS-IMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh

Brijesh Kumar Agarwal

Professor, Dept. of General Surgery, SRMS-IMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh

Rehan Fareed

Asst. Professor, Dept. of General Surgery

Tanu agarwal

Professor& HOD, Dept. of Pathology

Rahul Kumar Goyal

Professor& HoD, Dept.of Microbiology, SRMS-IMS, Bareilly